Popular Posts

Editor'S Choice - 2020

What is allergic urethritis in men and which doctor treats it

Allergic urethritis - such a variation of the inflammatory process also takes place to be, although not everyone knows about it. It is generally accepted that urethritis appears only after unprotected sex with carriers of infection, but in fact there are much more reasons leading to this disease, the main thing is not to be afraid to seek advice and help from specialists.

This article will discuss the causes of allergic urethritis, the clinical picture of this disease, as well as options for confirming the diagnosis and treatment of inflammation.

Causes of development and symptoms of allergic urethritis

In the vast majority of cases, infection through unprotected intercourse leads to the development of urethritis; this can be caused by chlamydia, gonococcus, ureaplasma, staphylococcus, Escherichia coli and other pathogenic microorganisms. With allergic urethritis, the disease occurs under the influence of allergens.

  • Food,
  • medications,
  • underwear, towels, bedding,
  • detergents (soap, shower gel, washing powder).

In addition, the products that remain in the body after inflammatory and infectious processes, bacterial allergens, and metabolic products can act as allergens. Allergic urethritis in women and men occurs for the same reasons.

In most cases, such urethritis is accompanied by rather dangerous complications:

  • Quincke's edema,
  • anaphylactic shock,
  • an attack of bronchial asthma,
  • serum sickness.

In addition, allergic urethritis is always accompanied by cystitis, which makes the clinical picture of the disease even more extensive.

Thus, with suspected inflammation of the urethra of an allergic nature, the following symptoms can be observed:

  • sticky grayish-white and vitreous discharge,
  • difficulty urinating
  • itching in the urethra,
  • pain during urination
  • rapid and sudden urge to urinate.

Important! Sometimes false desires may occur, the amount of urine excreted and pain in the bladder may occur. In this case, it is necessary that the doctor conduct an examination as soon as possible in order to avoid urinary retention and other complications.

In addition, symptoms typical of allergic reactions may be present:

  • redness and itching of the eyes,
  • lacrimation
  • rhinitis,
  • sneezing
  • itching of the skin and the appearance of rash elements.

It is worth focusing on the fact that if there are any signs of allergic urethritis, specialist advice is necessary because allergic reactions are extremely dangerous and can cause anaphylactic shock and death. It is impossible to predict how strong and pronounced the allergy will be this time, therefore it is better to play it safe, there is nothing strange or shameful in worrying about your health.

The use of diagnostic methods and treatment of allergic urethritis

If you suspect an allergic urethritis in men or women, the first thing to do is consult a doctor. During the consultation, the specialist will collect an anamnesis, listen to complaints, conduct an examination and forward them to the necessary tests.

It is important to differentiate allergic urethritis from other forms. This can be proved on the basis of the results of analyzes in which there should be no causative agents of specific or nonspecific urethritis.

It is recommended to use the following research methods:

  1. Urethral swab - a large amount of mucus, eosinophils and granulocytes is found in the test material. You can also suggest an allergic reaction according to a blood test containing a large number of eosinophils.
  2. Skin or urethral tests with a suspected allergen and provocation tests. Instructions for conducting skin tests include treating the required area with alcohol, applying three drops: control, histamine and the suspected allergen. Through these drops there is an injection into the skin, for each drop a separate needle. The results are evaluated after 15-20 minutes.

Treatment involves elimination of the allergen, as well as therapy with a desensitizing effect.

To do this, appoint:

  • antihistamines (preferably injection),
  • glucocorticoid hormones (in severe systemic allergic reactions),
  • urethra bougienage (in case of violation of the outflow of urine),
  • anti-inflammatory drugs
  • the exception of alcohol and spicy foods.

The price of drugs for the treatment of allergic urethritis can be quite diverse. If the cost of the medication is too high, you can choose a cheaper analogue after consulting a doctor.

From the photos and videos in this article, we learned what is characteristic of allergic urethritis and what methods must be used so as not to make a mistake in making a diagnosis.

Dangerous treatment

Hello. To date, I have been diagnosed with allergic urethritis, he appeared on the background of taking new drugs for allergies. Based on the test results, the doctor prescribed me antihistamines, but I'm afraid that they will also be allergic.

Greetings. Your concerns are well founded. I recommend to consult with your doctor about this issue, it may be necessary to conduct additional skin tests with the prescribed drugs in order to find out if they will cause you an allergic reaction.

Allergic urethritis in men: what is it?

The disease is inflammation in the urethral canal, but its provocateur is an allergy, not a bacterial infection. People who are prone to an individual reaction to various allergens are used to eye redness, runny nose, or rashes, but there are cases when the allergy takes on a rather unusual form.

Allergic urethritis is different from other types of inflammation of the urethra. A certain allergen can cause a disease, to which the organism of a particular patient is sensitive. Therefore, the source of allergic inflammation of the urethra is individual for each person.

Possible sources of inflammation:

  • products
  • medications,
  • creams, ointments and other cosmetics,
  • items of clothing that come in contact with the genitals.

When diagnosing a disease in a urological center, it is important to accurately indicate the products and medicines that the man used on the last day. This will help prevent an unpleasant complication such as allergic cystitis.

The key difference between allergic contact urethritis and other types of the disease is the spontaneous disappearance of symptoms after removing the cause of allergy from use.

For men, the most common allergens are:

  • spermicides
  • condoms
  • antiseptics
  • bath or shower products,
  • medicines
  • insect bites
  • the presence of mycosis or candidiasis.

Symptoms of the disease

The main symptom is a feeling of discomfort in the urethra and severe itching. As with other types of urethritis, pain during urination is observed. In addition, there may be false urge to the toilet or spotting in the urine. Such symptoms indicate the development of an acute inflammatory process.

Quite often, the disease occurs as a result of disorders and a serious condition during an allergy attack.

Causes of urethritis in allergy sufferers:

  • swelling
  • anaphylactic shock,
  • serum sickness
  • bronchial asthma and its attacks,
  • contact with a carrier of allergic urethritis,
  • severe or prolonged stress.

In these cases, the patient feels all the symptoms of an allergy - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes or nose, itching and sneezing, increased tearing, the appearance of spots on the body that cause itching, often cause an unreasonable increase in temperature.

If such symptoms occur, you should consult a doctor to reduce the risks of serious consequences. It must be borne in mind that skin dermatitis and symptoms of allergic arthritis greatly weaken the immune system, which is why it is recommended to start treatment of allergic urethritis as soon as possible.

Disease treatment

Very often, allergic urethritis is accompanied by cystitis and causes painful sensitivity of both the genitourinary system and the whole organism. A common basis for the occurrence of the disease is a decrease in immunity, when the body is more easily exposed to allergens.

Treatment of allergic urethritis in men is carried out by a urologist. After a thorough diagnosis, the doctor prescribes antihistamines and, if necessary, drugs for stopping the inflammatory process. They will help to quickly get rid of painful symptoms. Then, the patient’s immune status is adjusted under the supervision of an immunologist.

Analyzes are needed to determine the substance that has become the catalyst for the onset of the disease. The patient is recommended bed rest and a strict diet.

It is important to comply with all the requirements of both a urologist and an immunologist-allergist. It is worth noting that the use of folk remedies can aggravate the situation of the patient. Only a doctor can clearly define a treatment regimen for a quick result.

It is recommended to consult a urologist again if several days of therapy do not improve the patient's condition. Perhaps you should change the tactics of treatment or the composition of drugs.

After the course of treatment, some rules should be followed that will help to avoid complications or re-illness. A man’s diet should not contain foods that cause allergies. For some time, it is important to exclude sexual contact, as the body is more susceptible to infection with sexually transmitted diseases.

The prognosis for the treatment of allergic urethritis is positive, provided that you see a doctor in a timely manner.
A disease can be prevented by knowing your allergens and avoiding contact with them. Regular visits to the urologist will help prevent the disease or start treatment on time.

Concept and description

Allergic urethritis is a characteristic urethra. This disease is caused by the presence of pathogenic microbes in the genitourinary system, but sometimes, the reason lies in the non-infectious way to become infected.

Sometimes allergic urethritis is a manifestation of an allergy, then, accordingly, it is necessary to select a completely different treatment.

In order to catch urethritis, need to react with an irritant, and allergies will result from exposure to the allergen. If you have been given a similar diagnosis, then you should look for an irritant among those foods, medications, or chemicals that you interacted with.

Urethritis may for a long time not cause its owner any discomforthowever, it can develop and have the most unpleasant consequences. There is a high risk of infertility, as well as a lack of sensitivity during sex.

You can earn dermatitis of the skin, as well as seriously weaken the immune system. Therefore, it is necessary to fight urethritis in the early stages of its appearance.

The main differences between urethritis and cystitis are described here.

The main reasons for the development

As practice shows, allergic urethritis develops along with allergic cystitis. These disorders go hand in hand, and cause the body to be hypersensitive.

However, there are other reasons that can push the body to the appearance of such a disease. very often lowered immunity makes the body a desirable target for the development of allergic reactions.

Enough banal interaction with low-quality or toxic products and substancesand urethritis will become your companion until the very moment of cure.

The following factors can cause allergic urethritis.

  • exacerbations of bronchial asthma,
  • serum sickness
  • anaphylactic shock,
  • allergic reactions
  • contact with a person who already has allergic urethritis,
  • stressful situations.

Allergic urethritis: causes of the disease

If the pathogenic flora is the cause of inflammation in most urethritis, then in this case there is an allergic reaction.

  • It can be provoked by both food and intimate hygiene products, medicines and other substances.
  • A form of the disease is also known as allergic urethritis on a dust mite.
  • If a person has a tendency to hypersensitivity reactions, the pathological process can be localized in any area, including the urethra.

Symptoms of Allergic Urethritis

  1. The first symptom is a feeling of discomfort and severe itching in the perineum.
  2. At allergic urethritis in women the mouth of the urethra swells and may protrude.

  • The above symptoms are accompanied by pain during urination, in some patients there are false desires.
    • With a pronounced activity of the process, grayish or bloody discharge from the urethra may appear.
    • The disease rarely occurs as an isolated symptom.
    • Typically, other allergy symptoms are present in these patients:
    • sneezing
    • rash,
    • lacrimation
    • rhinorrhea
    • itching of the skin,
    • suffocation.

    Allergic urethritis often occurs in severe conditions such as anaphylactic shock and Quincke's edema.

    1. Such patients need emergency medical attention.
    2. Allergic urethritis in men and women occurs with the same frequency.
    3. Unlike the infectious process, the anatomical features of the urethra in this case do not matter.

    Symptomatology

    If you have a suspicion that allergic urethritis is developing in your body, you need to conduct a diagnosis of your body yourself in order to confirm or refute the guesses.

    The surest sign that your body has allergic urethritis is cutting pain during urination. The urge to the toilet is accompanied by pain, sometimes pulling, and sometimes with a sharp pain in the groin.

    In addition, completely uncharacteristic for a healthy person may appear from the urethra grayish discharge. Occasionally, blood clots may be present in the urine.

    Quincke's edema, serum sickness, bronchial asthma often accompany such a disease. Sometimes, a person may feel the symptoms that are characteristic of allergic reactions.

    Possible slight temperature increase, weakness, the appearance of pigmentation on the skin, inflammation of the mucous membranes, lacrimation, sneezing, irritability. If you find yourself at least some of the listed signs, this is an occasion to consult a doctor.

    Allergy symptoms can develop very quickly, it can contribute to a serious illness or death.

    Is allergic urethritis dangerous in men and how to treat it?

    In the urogenital system of a person, various unpleasant diseases can occur that will one way or another negatively affect your life. Sometimes, a common allergy can provoke a similar state of the body.

    In order to avoid such a manifestation as allergic urethritis, it is necessary to carry out preventive actions, or take time to study information on how to avoid this disease.

    Diagnosis of allergic urethritis

    • Diagnosis of urethritis can be based on examination data and patient complaints.
    • In order to determine its etiology and prescribe the correct treatment, additional studies will be required.
    • The principles of treatment are significantly different, therefore, accurate diagnosis plays a crucial role.
    • Be sure to conduct a study of a smear from the urethra.

    1. This allows you to establish what nature the disease has, infectious or allergic.
    2. When diagnosing, you should pay attention to the presence of allergy manifestations of a different localization.
    3. Their presence testifies in favor of an allergic lesion of the urethra.

    Treatment of allergic urethritis in men

    Allergic urethritis requires special attention and treatment to be prescribed by a urologist. First of all, the doctor should conduct a reception, which will evaluate the patient's condition.

    First of all, they are appointed antihistaminesthat are able to relieve all the symptoms of allergies, thereby making it easier for a person to have such a disease.

    If other side diseases, such as anaphylactic shock, cystitis, and so on, are observed, medications are prescribed to eliminate them.

    Next step is passing relevant tests, because doctors need to establish which specific substance caused the corresponding allergic reaction.

    After the cause of the allergy is found, you can proceed to treatment. As a rule, the patient is prescribed a bed rest, a hypoallergenic diet, places affected by allergies, which itch or bring you discomfort, lubricate ointment like Fenistil or Panthenol.

    Understand the medications prescribed to you, if necessary, you can put yourself a dropper. It is necessary to come to a urologist once a few days, and also to donate blood for tests.

    Surgical intervention in this disease is not provided.. They are not advised to resort to traditional medicine methods, since they can significantly aggravate the situation.

    Allergic urethritis: causes

    Allergic urethritis - such a variation of the inflammatory process also takes place to be, although not everyone knows about it. It is generally accepted that urethritis appears only after unprotected sex with carriers of infection, but in fact there are much more reasons leading to this disease, the main thing is not to be afraid to seek advice and help from specialists.

    This article will discuss the causes of allergic urethritis, the clinical picture of this disease, as well as options for confirming the diagnosis and treatment of inflammation.

    The action of the allergen is manifested during the day

    Drug therapy

    Allergic urethritis is a type of allergy, which means that such a disease is treated only by medication, and not by surgery. Therefore, you should carefully approach the choice of medications for treatment.

    Choose a scheme through which you will get rid of the disease, pay attention to the presence of antihistamines, as well as drugs that relieve puffiness, enrich your body with vitamins.

    If the recommended medications, after several days of administration, do not bring the desired effect, consult a doctor again. Perhaps you have incorrectly discovered the cause of the allergy and are now only worsening the situation.

    Everything about the treatment of the disease at home is in this publication.

    Lifestyle

    During the treatment of allergic urethritis, and also after you get rid of it, to prevent the occurrence of relapse, you need to change your lifestyle.

    First of all, need to adhere to a hypoallergenic diet, eat only those foods that cannot react in an undesirable way for you. It is necessary to devote time to physical activity, walk more, breathe fresh air. However, heavy sports should be ruled out.

    For a while you have to exclude sex, due to the fact that after allergic urethritis there is still a high risk of contracting various sexually transmitted infections. Take all the recommendations of doctors with special attention, because the state of your health depends on this.

    Allergic urethritis should not be a serious illness for you because you take corrective measures in time. In fact, it is not difficult to cure such a disease, especially if the disease was detected in the initial stages.

    Therefore, if you find any symptoms in yourself, consult a doctor immediately, this will be the best prevention of the development of complications of allergic urethritis in the future.

    Urethritis Overview

    The cause of urethritis is certain groups of viruses, as well as bacteria that concentrate on the walls of the urethra and begin to actively develop in these areas, causing the patient discomfort.

    The disease, which will be discussed in this article, is equally characteristic of both sexes. Statistics indicate that urethritis is the most common urological disease. Some are sure that the presented pathology can be transmitted from person to person exclusively through sexual contact. However, it is not.

    Urethritis, depending on the specifics and causes, can be caused by various factors.

    The main types of this disease are divided into:

    • Gonorrhea urethritis
    • Chlamydia urethritis,
    • Bacterial urethritis,
    • Chronic urethritis
    • Condious urethritis,
    • Allergic urethritis.

    It is noteworthy that in order for the allergen to activate, it is necessary to directly enter the genitourinary system. One way or another, when making a diagnosis of allergic urethritis, you should understand what are the causes of its occurrence and develop an effective treatment plan.

    6 main causes and symptoms

    You can understand that a person has allergic urethritis before visiting a doctor for the main symptoms.

    The main ones are:

    1. Discomfort during urination
    2. Frequent urination that occurs unexpectedly and is false,
    3. Severity in the genitourinary area,
    4. Burning,
    5. Pain sensations of varying intensity,
    6. Purulent vaginal discharge in women.

    Urethritis, including allergic, is associated with a number of these unpleasant symptoms, and requires the adoption of prompt measures to eliminate them. Unlike chronic urethritis, with which a person lives relatively calmly for years, an allergic one can very sharply and significantly worsen a state of health. The reason for this is swelling of the mucosa, after which going to the toilet becomes real flour.

    As mentioned above, the causes of the disease can be medications, as well as certain foods. In women, contraceptives, which contain an allergen element, sometimes cause allergies.

    Among other household reasons, chemical compounds that are part of the powders or soaps used to wash underwear are also distinguished. Very often, allergic urethritis occurs along with allergic cystitis. This disease is a consequence of earlier illnesses of a severe allergic nature.

    What exactly served the development of allergic urethritis, the patient learns in the clinic after he passes the necessary tests for examination.

    It is important to identify and establish the diagnosis in time. It, unlike its other varieties, does not provide for antibiotic treatment. This can significantly impair health.

    Danger to the body

    Timely measures taken contribute to a relatively quick and unhindered recovery. As for allergic urethritis in advanced forms, it can be transmitted to other internal organs. This greatly complicates the treatment process and brings the patient a lot of physical suffering.

    In addition, urethritis also gives the body such a complication as inflammatory edema. It spreads to the mucous and submucous layers of tissues. In cases where the edema is strong enough, the exit of urine from the urethra may overlap. In such situations, the only way out for the patient is bougieurage.

    Treatment regimen

    If we talk about the specifics of the treatment of allergic urethritis, it is worth noting that it differs significantly from measures to eliminate other varieties of this disease. The fact is that the cause of the allergic reaction is not associated with bacteria or viruses. It is for this reason that antibiotic treatment is inappropriate and even dangerous to the health of the patient.

    The scheme for eliminating allergic urethritis is as follows:

    1. At the initial stage of therapy, it is extremely important to effectively eliminate the effect of the allergen. If the analysis indicates that the cause of the allergy is the effect of the drug, it must be urgently canceled.
    2. Next, the specialist prescribes a course of therapy to the patient by taking a course of antihistamines. The best way to administer the drug are injections.
    3. It happens that in the process of therapy, a specialist reveals an insufficiently effective effect of the drug. This happens in cases of a deeply neglected disease or in the case of too strong manifestations of allergies. At this stage, glucocorticoid hormone can be prescribed as an additional treatment that enhances the effect.
    4. If allergic edema has led to a significant narrowing of the opening in the urethra, as a result of which urination becomes almost impossible, more radical measures are taken. As a rule, they mean bougienage of the urethra.

    Tips that relate to the prevention of the prevention of allergic urethritis are:

    • Observance of hygiene rules, especially in the case of active sexual activity with different partners,
    • Condom use, especially if sexual activity comes down to contact with multiple partners,
    • Avoid ingestion of food or drugs that cause an allergic reaction,
    • Minimizing the use of lubricants with pronounced odors,
    • Food restriction. At risk are foods with intense taste and smell, including spices, alcohol, spices, smoked and pickled foods, etc.

    In the treatment of allergic urethritis, the gender of the patient does not play a special role, since the treatment technique is universal for everyone. This means that the treatment of allergic urethritis in women is no different from the treatment of allergic urethritis in men. The main direction in the treatment process is focused on leveling the effect of the allergen on the body and eliminating the consequences of its manifestation.

    Allergic urethritis in men and women: symptoms and treatment

    Allergic urethritis is an inflammatory disease of the genitourinary system, characterized by damage to the upper layer of the mucous membrane of the urinary canal. It occurs with the same frequency in both women and men. Pathology gives tangible discomfort and reduces the quality of life.

    In the absence of timely treatment, it can turn into a chronic form.

    Complications

    This pathology can lead to negative consequences. Among them:

    • cystitis,
    • pyelonephritis,
    • renal failure
    • chronic allergy, which negatively affects the condition of other organs.

    In women, the consequences can lead to impaired reproductive function.

    Prevention

    Preventive measures are very simple and similar to those that experts advise with all other types of allergies. These include:

    • personal hygiene
    • wearing quality underwear,
    • careful selection of cosmetics and medicines,
    • Avoid contact with substances that may cause a reaction.

    The occurrence of allergic urethritis is characteristic of people who are prone to hypersensitivity reactions. They must exercise extreme caution when contacting with new drugs, personal hygiene products and other irritants.

    General characteristics of allergic urethritis

    Unlike standard urethritis, the allergic form does not occur due to pathogenic microbes and viruses, but in connection with the individual intolerance of the human body of certain substances.

    The features of this type of disease are that its symptoms are not as bright as with the infectious type, but the consequences can also be serious. Therefore, it is especially important to notice the signs of the child in time, since the blurry picture complicates the correct diagnosis, which can cause serious consequences in the future.

    Allergic urethritis can provoke certain foods, or medications, then symptoms occur during the first days after administration. External exposure is also possible with improper ointments or hygiene products, then the body reacts in the next few hours.

    The symptomatology of the urethritis itself is not bright, but is accompanied by manifestations of diathesis, allergic rhinitis and Quincke's edema. The most serious manifestations are anaphylactic shock, asthma attacks.

    Inflammation of the urethra is often accompanied by allergic cystitis.

    A positive feature of allergic urethritis is that it cannot be transmitted sexually or otherwise to a partner and other family members, since an allergen that is not perceived by one person can be completely safe for others. This form of inflammation of the urethra can be cured only after the detection of a provoking substance.

    Causes

    There are several reasons for the development of allergic urethritis: external exposure and oral administration of the allergen. The most common disease provocateurs:

    • certain foods
    • oral preparations
    • ointments, topical creams,
    • lubricants, contraceptive suppositories, pills and condoms,
    • sanitary pads in women,
    • soap, shower gels, various bathing sponges,
    • washing powders, gels and conditioners,
    • Underwear,
    • bed dress,
    • insect bites.

    Sometimes the manifestation of allergic urethritis goes away on its own, this happens if the provoking factor has come into contact with the body once and for a short period of time.

    If a prolonged exposure occurs, the inflammatory process develops and can cause pathologies of other organs, for example, in a woman, due to the short urethral canal, the reaction spreads to the bladder, causing signs of cystitis.

    Treatment of gonorrhea urethritis in men and women

    Signs and Symptoms

    Symptoms of an allergic form of urethritis are not only specific, but can also be combined with other manifestations.It depends on the method of penetration of the allergen into the body, the duration of its stay and the degree of damage to other organs.

    The following symptoms are revealed:

    1. Itching and burning of the urethra that occur after urination.
    2. Frequent and false urge to the toilet indicate that the bladder is affected.
    3. Distribution of a small rash on the genitals, which itches. In men, it occurs on the head of the penis, in women - on the labia.
    4. Redness and swelling of the urethral mucosa. In women, the urethra swells and may partially creep out.

    Together with these manifestations, signs of a general allergic reaction may be present:

    • Quincke's edema,
    • exacerbation of atopic form of bronchial asthma,
    • anaphylactic shock,
    • signs of allergic rhinitis,
    • frequent sneezing
    • lacrimation
    • swelling
    • in rare cases, an increase in temperature.

    It is not necessary that all manifestations of allergic urethritis will be present. If the provoking substance was taken orally and more than once, then both specific signs and general allergic manifestations can occur.

    It is important to pay attention to them in a timely manner, since conditions such as Quincke's edema and anaphylactic shock can be fatal.

    Causes of the disease in women and men

    It is not uncommon for an allergic form of urethritis to develop after prolonged use of a number of drugs containing active ingredients that have pharmacological properties and provoke side effects that affect the health of the urethral canal. The treatment of this disease consists of taking antihistamines, which are designed to suppress the activity of excessive allergens, as well as to eliminate the source of allergies.

    The factor of the occurrence of urethritis of an allergic etiology is always associated with an invasion of pathogenic allergens into the urinary ducts, which act as an irritant to the mucous membrane. The development of the disease itself in most cases is associated with the presence of the following reasons.

    Poor-quality underwear

    In women and men who use underwear made of cheap synthetic or semi-synthetic fabric fibers dyed with paints containing harmful substances, an allergy of the urethral mucosa occurs as a response of the body to the toxic components of the laundry.

    Intimate area cosmetics

    Shower gels, soap, lubricants, cosmetics for the care of the genitals, which are used daily by a man or the fair sex, can also cause an allergic reaction that manifests itself in the urethra. As a rule, a similar state of the organs of the genitourinary system goes into an inflammatory state immediately after the next shower or bath.

    Drugs: treatment regimen

    After a full examination, the doctor may prescribe appropriate therapy. The treatment regimen includes:

    1. Antiallergic drugs that relieve the main symptoms and reduce the activity of allergens. These include tavegil, suprastin, aileron. The most preferred are intramuscular injections, since they act faster and do not affect the digestive tract.
    2. Antispasmodics are used for severe pain. Prescribe no-shpa, drotaverin or spasmolgon, which not only relieve pain, but also relieve spasms, which facilitates the process of urination.
    3. To strengthen the immune system, take multivitamin complexes or immunomodulating drugs.

    If allergic urethritis proceeds in a complex form, then the treatment regimen of various types of glucocorticosteroids is supplemented. And they also carry out ousting of the urethra. It is necessary for critical narrowing of the urethra and the inability to urinate. If the inflammatory process has affected other organs, additional symptomatic treatment is prescribed.

    In addition to the main therapy, the patient is advised to exclude any interaction with the allergen, balance nutrition and reduce interaction with provocative hygiene products and others.

    Taking hormonal drugs

    Medicines made on the basis of synthetic hormones that are taken by a person over a long period of time have the ability to accumulate in the tissues of all organs and systems, and then change the epithelial structure of their mucous membranes. A similar process occurs with the walls of the urinary canal, and allergic inflammation is the realization of the protective function of the cells of the immune system, from chemical compounds of drugs on a hormonal basis. In women, a similar pathological condition of the urethra develops as a result of prolonged use of oral contraceptives.

    Food

    In some patients, the digestive system is designed in such a way that not all foods used in food are fully absorbed by the body, and therefore an acute or chronic allergic reaction develops, which is reflected in the form of inflammation of the mucous membrane of various parts of the human body, including the urethra. In most cases, such a pathological condition of the urinary canal is caused by acidic citrus juices, spices, dairy products, spirits and tobacco smoking.

    The presence of these causal factors present in the life of a man or woman, most often becomes the culprits of allergic urethritis. The severity directly depends on how sharply the patient's body responds to a specific stimulus. We also recommend reading about non-specific urethritis.

    The first symptoms of allergic urethritis

    The signs of an allergic form of urethritis are slightly similar to other varieties of this ailment, but still have a number of features, consisting in the following symptoms:

    • severe itching, pain and burning sensation felt inside the urethra when a person is in a calm state and intensifying during the outflow of urine,
    • discomfort is constantly felt in the area of ​​epithelial tissues and mucous membrane surrounding the entrance to the urinary canal,
    • there are frequent urge to the toilet, which is the first sign of the spread of allergic inflammation of the urethra to its further segments, close to the urinary canal,
    • a small red rash on the genitals, which also itches very strongly (in men on the surface of the head and around the urinary canal, and in women on the labia minora),
    • the mucous membrane of the walls of the urethra acquires a saturated red color and, due to its swelling, stable outflow of urine may be difficult.

    This symptomatology is actually exhaustive and extremely rare in patients there are such additional signs of the disease as headache, nausea, fever, or other not typical reactions of the body.

    Diagnostics and analyzes

    Diagnosing a patient with allergic urethritis requires from the attending physician not only a visual examination of the state of health of the urinary canal, but also a series of diagnostic procedures consisting of the following procedures:

    • bacterial inoculation of microflora located inside the urethra (a nurse inserts a sterile cotton swab into the urinary canal, which is passed along the walls of the mucous membrane of the urethra to determine if the patient suffers from chronic sexually transmitted infections),
    • blood from a vein and finger for biochemical and clinical analyzes, respectively (the qualitative and quantitative composition of blood cells is determined),
    • morning urine, which is taken from the patient in a volume of 200-300 ml, in order to learn as much as possible about its bacterial composition and make sure that there are no pathogenic microorganisms in it, and inflammation of the urethra is not of an infectious nature of origin,
    • tests for allergic reactions that are carried out under sterile conditions by specially trained medical personnel (a small incision is made on the skin of the wrist, and the doctor alternately applies concentrated solutions of the most common allergens found in food, cosmetics and other products that are found in almost every household everyday to scratch person.

    Having the indicated information data on hand, the attending physician begins to form a treatment regimen consisting of drugs that are advisable to use if the patient has a specific clinical picture of the disease.

    How and how to treat allergic urethritis?

    Therapy of urethritis caused by its allergic nature of origin is carried out using the following types of drugs:

    • antihistamines that suppress the activity of allergens that act as a constant irritant of the urethra (tablets and in the form of intramuscular injections Loratadin, Citrine, L-Cet, Aleron, Suprastin, Suprastinol),
    • antispasmodics (No-shpa, Drotaverin hydrochloride, Spasmolgon, Spasmol to expand the lumen of the urethral allergy edematous)
    • vitamins and minerals that are selected for each patient individually in order to strengthen the general immune system and accelerate the process of eliminating the focus of allergic inflammation.

    A prerequisite for the onset of a positive therapeutic effect from the course of treatment is the elimination of the pathological stimulus, which in fact is the cause of the development of the disease.

    Preventative measures

    If once a person is faced with manifestations of allergic urethritis, he must remember what exactly provoked this disease and refuse to interact with this substance. You also need to know allergic triggers - similar substances that can trigger a second reaction.

    Doctors recommend using cosmetics, creams, and hypoallergenic powders with caution and minimizing the use of fabric softeners.

    If urethritis provoked an allergy to the drug, then you should abandon the options for self-medication and use the drugs only as prescribed by the doctor, having previously warned him about possible reactions.

    Allergic urethritis requires a lifestyle review. It is advisable to adhere to a hypoallergenic diet during treatment, and then gradually switch to a general diet. The exception is products - allergens, they must be abandoned once and for all.

    During treatment of allergic urethritis, it is necessary to exclude sexual intercourse. The recommendation was not given because of the likelihood of infection with the partner's urethritis, but in connection with reduced immunity, which will not protect against various inflammations. It is also worth limiting physical activity and the likelihood of overheating or hypothermia. Allergic urethritis is a disease that responds well to treatment, but this requires a timely visit to a specialist.

    How is it manifested and what to do with allergic urethritis

    Allergic urethritis is the most rare inflammatory disease of the genitourinary system, which is characterized by damage to the mucous membrane of the walls of the urinary canal due to the constant exposure to their surface of a systemic irritant.

    The inflammatory process of the urinary canal of an allergic nature of origin is affected by internal or external allergens that affect the mucous membranes of the genitals in contact with the body of a man or woman within the environment, or they enter the body with food and drink.

    How to identify allergic urethritis

    The main reason for the occurrence is the failure to observe basic rules of intimate hygiene and sexual contact without using a condom. However, allergic urethritis has a completely different nature.

    An allergic reaction in this case can cause any of the substances that are in the immediate environment of a person.

    These can be various kinds of medicines, as well as food products that have been included in the patient’s diet lately.

    These unpleasant symptoms can be harbingers of various diseases, including urethritis. What are the main signs of urethritis and how to effectively deal with the disease? The answers to all these questions must be known in order to recognize the disease in time and quickly overcome its manifestations.

    Allergic Urethritis - In Men and Women, Treatment

    The main reason for the occurrence is the failure to observe basic rules of intimate hygiene and sexual contact without using a condom. However, allergic urethritis has a completely different nature.

    An allergic reaction in this case can cause any of the substances that are in the immediate environment of a person.

    It can be various kinds of medicines, as well as food products that have been included in the patient’s diet lately.

    These unpleasant symptoms can be harbingers of various diseases, including urethritis. What are the main signs of urethritis and how to effectively deal with the disease? The answers to all these questions must be known in order to recognize the disease in time and quickly overcome its manifestations.

    How to treat?

    If allergic urethritis is accompanied by severe edema, you should immediately consult a doctor

    Allergic urethritis requires a special approach to treatment, as it is an unusual disease. First of all, you should evaluate the patient's condition and take antihistamines to alleviate unpleasant symptoms.

    If severe swelling is observed or there is a suspicion of anaphylactic shock, you should immediately call an ambulance, since such conditions are life-threatening. The doctor must determine which particular substance caused this allergic reaction. It is necessary to recall all the substances with which you have contacted and ingested over the past few days.

    This will help you quickly find the cause of the allergy and begin effective treatment.

    With urethritis, a urologist must observe, because if the disease is not cured, relapses and a transition to a chronic form are possible, which causes a lot of problems.

    For men and women, all studies are the same: it is necessary to take a blood test and a smear from the urethra. This will help determine if the symptoms are really caused by allergies, not bacteria.

    It is possible to prescribe additional studies of the bladder and urethra in order to select the necessary drugs.

    Allergic urethritis requires immediate elimination of the allergen from contact with the patient. Only in this way will the treatment be effective.

    Antihistamines are best injected, so most often a person stays in a hospital during basic therapy.

    Mandatory appointment of anti-inflammatory drugs, maintaining comfortable conditions, bed rest and a hypoallergenic diet. In the future, you need to take tests to determine the substances that cause allergies, and draw up a further treatment plan.

    Allergic urethritis in men and women: a special form of pathology

    Allergic urethritis in men and women occurs and manifests itself in different ways due to the anatomical features and functional aspects. This type of disease is isolated from other inflammatory processes of the genitourinary system. In fact, this is an allergy with its typical manifestations, but rather atypical localization.

    What is urethritis

    Allergic female and male urethritis is an inflammatory process that affects the tissues of the urethra. The disease is usually supplemented by a number of other pathological conditions (for example, cystitis).

    In women, infectious, viral and allergic agents penetrate the system much faster, the risk of kidney inflammation is higher than in men. Despite the fact that in women the disease proceeds with severe symptoms and is rather rapid, the “male form” of cystitis also has its significant disadvantages.

    Against the background of a relatively inexpressive clinical picture, the anatomical features of the structure of the urinary system are the cause of serious complications that are not inherent in the female body. Moreover, an unexpressed clinic leads to the fact that patients seek help in a timely manner, losing valuable time.

    Important Nuances

    Always allergic urethritis in women and men develops due to the ingestion of a specific allergen. At the same time, not only the urethral canal, but also the whole organism can respond to the pathogen of the inflammatory process.

    Another important nuance - urethritis of an allergic etiology is not contagious. The causative agent is an allergen to which one organism, due to its characteristics, can react negatively, and the other will be absolutely not susceptible.

    Possible sources of inflammation of an allergic nature

    Potential sources of the inflammatory process in the urethral canal:

    1. Any kind of food,
    2. Medications,
    3. Creams, ointments, soap, shower gel,
    4. Household chemicals (most often laundry detergent and conditioner),
    5. Underwear and bedding,
    6. Local contraceptives (suppositories, douching solutions),
    7. Condoms
    8. Antiseptics
    9. Insect bites
    10. Activation of fungal microflora in combination with other irritants,
    11. Sanitary pads, tampons (in women).

    Allergic urethritis can disappear on its own, if the allergen does not have time to cause serious changes and quickly eliminates itself. Otherwise, the disease will progress, and the pathological process will affect other organs and systems of a person. The fact was already stipulated that the bladder and kidneys were the first to be hit.

    Diagnostic measures

    The diagnosis of allergic urethritis in all patients, regardless of gender, is based on laboratory results. The most important analysis in this particular case is smear microscopy of biological fragments taken from the urethral canal (in both men and women).

    The standard picture of urethritis of allergic genesis:

    • Abnormally high mucus content
    • Increased granulocyte count,
    • An admixture of blood in biological masses,
    • A huge number of eosinophils in the samples obtained.

    An important caveat - bacteria, as a rule, are not found in the smear. Candida and other forms of fungus, in contrast, can be present in samples in fairly large quantities.

    Approximate treatment regimen

    The treatment regimen is always selected taking into account the individual characteristics of the body, the specificity and etiology of the disease, the symptom complex that forms the clinical picture. The therapy is formed from the following points:

    1. It is important to find out exactly which allergen provokes the ailment, and immediately eliminate it,
    2. Antihistamines (injection is preferred)
    3. Addition of a treatment regimen for glucocorticosteroids of various types (provided the patient is in a serious condition),
    4. Probing of the urethra (if the swelling is too strong and the patient has lost the ability to urinate independently).

    Preventive actions

    Allergic urethritis will always occur as soon as the body comes in contact with the allergen. A person, aware of his tendency to occur such hypersensitivity reactions, should try to avoid all contact with allergic triggers.

    From the menu eliminate all products that are considered highly allergenic. With extreme caution, you need to approach the choice of household chemicals, cosmetics and hygiene products, buy linen of exceptional quality, preferably from natural materials.

    It is important to understand that contraceptives can be caused not only by local use, but also by oral drugs to prevent pregnancy. Similarly, any medication can affect the body. This once again confirms the relevance of the prohibition of self-treatment in any circumstances.

    Primary bacterial urethritis

    Allocate acute as well as chronic urethritis caused by the bacterium. The course of acute and nonspecific inflammation is different from the clinical form of gonorrhea urethritis. The duration of the incubation period can be different.

    Local signs of inflammation are not so pronounced.

    There is pain during urination, itching, burning, as well as purulent or mucopurulent discharge, in addition, a slight swelling of the mucous membrane in the urethra and tissues that surround the external outlet of the urethra.

    It is important to remember that based on the clinical picture, as well as the nature of the discharge, it is impossible to conduct a differential analysis of bacterial or gonorrhea urethritis. The conclusion about the disease is issued only after receiving laboratory test data, which confirms the lack of gonococci: bacterial inoculation for the presence of gonorrhea, as well as PCR diagnostics, etc.

    Permanent inflammation of the urethra, as a rule, is asymptomatic. There is slight itching, as well as burning during urination, scanty mucous discharge with great resistance to therapy.

    The short and wide channel of urine emission in girls or women allows the infection to freely penetrate the bladder, cause cystitis, which is diagnosed during ultrasound of the bladder. Regarding men, the chronic form of such a disease at some points is complicated by colliculitis - this is inflammation of the combined tubercle.

    The seminal tubercle itself is a place for the output of the output ducts of the prostate or the vas deferens. Inflammation of this organ can cause hemospermia or a man’s ejaculation disorder.

    Secondary Bacterial Urethritis

    The infectious organism enters the urethra from a local source of infection, it can be in the pelvic organs, in the bladder, in the prostate, in the seminal vesicles or it can develop during the period of the infectious disease with tonsillitis, pneumonia. A secondary non-specific type of disease is characterized by a long latent course.

    Patients complain about mild soreness during urination, small discharge from the urethra, which have a mucopurulent character, more pronounced in the morning. In children, pain during urination is often absent. During the examination, hyperemia is detected, as well as gluing of the sponges of the external opening of the urethra.

    During a two- or three-glass test, the starting portion of urine is duller than usual, contains a large number of white blood cells. In the repeated portion, the number of leukocytes is less, and in the third, most often, it corresponds to the norm.

    In order to preliminary determine the nature of microflora, a bacterioscopic analysis of the urethra is performed.

    In order to clarify the type of infection agent, as well as the sensitivity with respect to antibacterial drugs, seeding of the discharge or flushing from the urethra is realized.

    Gonorrhea urethritis

    Gonorrhea urethritis is a sexually transmitted disease. It is transmitted sexually. A common way for the infection to pass through while using shared towels and a toilet is often possible. Domestic infection factor is more common in children.

    During childbirth, this disease can also be transmitted if the mother is diagnosed with gonorrhea, and the child may develop infection of the conjunctival membrane of the eyes.

    Due to sexual contact with the gonorrhea carrier, after 4-6 days, yellowish-gray purulent discharge appears during urination, and pain and burning sensation also occur.

    With the infection moving up the urethra, the area of ​​inflammation becomes wider, the patient rises in temperature, weakness and chills are felt. Often the latent period of this disease lasts up to several weeks. In this case, gonorrheal urethritis, as a rule, acquires a chronic course.

    The chronic form of gonorrhea urethritis develops:

    • among patients with untreated or incompletely cured acute inflammatory process of the urethra of gonococcal etiology,
    • among patients who have weakened immunity,
    • during the period of involvement in the inflammation of the prostate, as well as the posterior region of the urethra.

    Cure criteria

    After 7-10 days, after the treatment is completed, a bacterioscopic analysis of the discharge of the urethra is performed.

    When gonococci do not occur, a cumulative provocation is performed: biological (pyrogenal or gonovaccine intramuscularly) and chemical provocation (introduced into the urethra of 0.5 r of silver nitrate).

    They also implement mechanical (anterior urethroscopy or the introduction of bougie to the urethra), thermal (heating by inductothermic currents), and finally alimentary (drinking alcohol or fatty foods) provocation.

    After that, daily for three days, the secretion of the prostate gland, filaments of urine or smears of the urethra are analyzed. In cases of absence of leukocytes or gonococci, provocation is resumed after 1 month.

    After another month, a third, final control study is performed.

    When there are no clinical signs, and gonococci cease to be detected during culture and bacterioscopy, the patient is deregistered.

    A patient who has been ill with gonorrheic urethritis in the past is able to contract the disease again. Immunity in this case will not be formed.

    Forecast

    With a gonorrheal form of urethritis, a favorable prognosis is possible only in the case of a systematic and proper treatment. Launched cases are more serious, they can be accompanied by the formation of a urethra stricture. Chronic prostatitis, epilidymitis followed by infertility may join the clinical picture.

    Trichomonas urethritis

    Trichomonas urethritis is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. Men due to infection receive pathogenic microorganisms that are in the seminal vesicles of the prostate gland. Urinary tract infection occurs. The causative agent of this disease is Trichomonas, a pear-shaped bacterium.

    Chlamydial urethritis

    Chlamydial urethritis causes a bacterium called chlamydia. This infection can also affect the respiratory, digestive system, eyes, can cause bronchitis, pneumonia, conjunctivitis.

    In its symptoms, chlamydial urethritis is very similar to gonococcal. Often the symptoms of this disease can be completely different or completely absent.

    Chlamydial urethritis, as a rule, is lethargic. The inflammatory process of the urethra in some cases occurs with joint damage. The diagnostic criterion is the presence of a lunar intracellular inclusion in the stained scraping from the urethra.

    Candidamycotic urethritis

    It develops as a result of damage to the mucous membrane by yeast-like fungi. Most often, it will be a complication of prolonged antibiotic therapy.

    It proceeds, as a rule, without significant clinical symptoms. A tooth, slight burning, slight discharge from the urethra can be noted.

    Treatment consists in the abolition of the antibiotic, the appointment of vitamins and antifungal drugs.

    Symptoms of Trichomonas urethritis

    The first symptoms appear after 2-10 days from the moment the bacteria enter the body. But very often, patients do not have any particular complaints, especially for the symptoms of urethritis in women.

    Often in men, trichomoniasis continues asymptomatically or causes extremely scanty symptoms. Patients are often unaware of their illness and spread it among their partners. In 15-20% of situations with a chronic form, prostatitis develops, which worsens the patient's condition, and also makes it difficult to cure.

    The characteristic symptoms will be itching and burning in the urethra, soreness during sexual intercourse, frequent urination. Symptoms may worsen after drinking alcohol. What is noteworthy, complaints in this case can be very diverse - from minor discomfort to sexual disorders associated with a neurotic condition.

    For the diagnosis, a microscopy of urethral discharge is performed. The diagnosis is confirmed when gonococci are present - gram-negative bean-shaped aerobic diplococci. Standard analysis involves two steps, Gram stain and brilliant green.

    Differential diagnosis

    The diagnostic process is usually not difficult due to the presence of pronounced symptoms (pain at the time of urination, purulent discharge in the urethra). The diagnostic criterion is the results of bacterioscopic analysis. In the history of the disease, sexual contacts with a patient with gonorrhea are determined.

    Diagnosis of Trichomonas urethritis

    The diagnosis is made on the basis of medical history, the results of a microscopic examination, the clinical picture. In doubtful cases, they turn to bacteriological research.

    Today, urology has effective methods of treating nonspecific urethritis. The treatment strategy is decided depending on the type of pathogen, severe symptoms, the presence or absence of complications. The urethritis tandem with cystitis becomes an indication for combined treatment.

    During the chronic non-specific course, the intake of antibacterial drugs is replenished with instillations of the urethra with a solution of dioxidine, as well as collargol or silver nitrate, and measures are taken to stabilize the immune system.

    The outcome of therapy during secondary urethritis is largely related to the effectiveness of the treatment of the primary disease, namely urethral stricture, vesiculitis and prostatitis.

    Gonorrhea urethritis treatment

    Treatment of urethritis is associated with the appointment of antibiotics with a bactericidal and bacteriostatic effect. The basis of the treatment of gonorrhea urethritis is a thorough laboratory and clinical examination of patients, complex treatment: symptomatic, pathogenetic, etiotropic therapy, an individual approach to each patient.

    The following antibiotics are most often used for treatment:

    • ketoceph,
    • claforan
    • oletatrin
    • chloramphenicol
    • penicillin,
    • erythromycin and others.

    But, of course, treatment of urethritis in men and women should be prescribed only by a doctor. Self-medication is unacceptable.

    Treatment of Trichomonas urethritis

    They use specific anti-trichomonas drugs, the most effective of which are metronidazole, tiberal and tinidazole.

    The sequence of treatment is determined by the condition of the patient, the severity of symptoms, the presence of complications or concomitant infections that are transmitted sexually. Self-treatment is unacceptable, because

    may contribute to the deformation of the acute process into a chronic form.

    In order to prevent re-infection, the patient's constant sexual partner is simultaneously treated.

    During treatment and for a couple of months after its completion, the patient is recommended to drink frequently, exclude spicy food and alcohol from the diet. With resistant inflammation of the chronic form, both general and local therapy are prescribed.

    For 5-6 days, the patient is instilled with a 1% Trichomonacid solution lasting about 10-15 minutes.

    The duration of treatment is about 1 month. During treatment and subsequent recovery will have to wait with sexual intercourse.

    Chlamydial Urethritis Treatment

    The inconvenience in the treatment of chlamydia is caused by insufficient permeability of cell membranes for a large number of antibiotics. Recurrent manifestations are characteristic after the realized courses of treatment.

    In order to increase efficiency, broad-spectrum drugs are prescribed in parallel with corticosteroid drugs. The maximum dose of prednisolone is 40 mg / day, the duration of treatment is 2-3 weeks.

    During the course of therapy, a portion of the hormones is gradually lowered until completely withdrawn.

    The consequences of this disease can be an ectopic pregnancy, childbirth before term, infertility, so it is important to take a very responsible approach to its treatment.

    Causes and symptoms of allergic urethritis

    Allergic urethritis most often develops along with allergic cystitis. Quite rarely, these disorders are the only manifestations of the hypersensitivity reaction of the body - most often they occur against the background of general severe allergic reactions:

    • anaphylactic shock,
    • Quincke's edema,
    • exacerbations of atopic bronchial asthma,
    • serum sickness.

    People with allergic urethritis are characterized by increased sensitivity of the urethral mucosa to potential allergens excreted in the urine and externally.

    Rarely, allergic urethritis occurs in isolation. Its symptoms - burning and itching along the urethra, sticky glassy grayish-white discharge from it, difficult painful urination - are usually accompanied by symptoms of allergic cystitis such as pain in the bladder, frequent, sudden (sometimes false) urination.

    Recognizing the allergic nature of urethritis is very important, since antibiotic treatment can only worsen the condition of the patient.

    Watch the video: Mayo Clinic Minute: Treating Urinary Tract Infections (February 2020).

    Leave Your Comment