Popular Posts

Editor'S Choice - 2020

How to deal with Plyushkina syndrome

Pathological hoarding (also syllogomania, harding, Plyushkina syndrome, etc.) - a type of obsessive behavior consisting in the collection and storage of unused items, most often - household items in such large quantities that they impede the use of the premises for their intended purpose.

For example, residents cannot move freely around the house, eat comfortably (due to the abundance of things on the table and the kitchen, you have to take food while holding the plate on your lap, using kitchen appliances and a sink is difficult), to cope with the natural necessities (due to excessive cluttering the restroom it is impossible close the door), rest (bed and adjoining space forced, bags of things hung on the walls), raise children (rooms free at the time of the birth of children are littered with things, children are together with their parents, where they do not have space to play and develop, there is nowhere even crawl on the floor).

People affected by this disorder rationalize their behavior and consider it normal even with extreme severity.

In many cases, the tendency to pathological accumulation appears in connection with serious life shocks, such as divorce, a serious illness, or the death of a loved one, which stimulates the initial storage of things of a loved one, but gradually the obsessive accumulation begins to cover other objects and becomes threatening. A person obsessed with pathological accumulation is extremely kind to his things, he experiences mental anguish, even if he is forced to throw away a trifle - a newspaper or a plastic bag.

Signs of pathology in the storage of old things

  • preservation of most old things, all or almost all, even those that are unlikely to be used in the future,
  • dumping old things into a heap, indiscriminately and sorting (it is not known what and where lies),
  • non-use of old things for repair or construction.

The United States National Chronic Disorders Study Group (NSGCD) has developed a scale of 1 to 5 that describes the level of pathological accumulation. The first level is characterized by free access to doors and stairs, the mess is not excessive, safe living conditions. The fifth level is characterized by obvious damage to the house, destruction of walls, lack of electricity, water or sewage, the kitchen and bathroom are unusable due to clutter, the subject prefers to sleep outside the house (in a car, in the courtyard of the house, etc.) due to unsuitability of the house for living.

Picking up discarded items

The signs of pathology in the collection of old things are the same as during storage: unsystematic dumping and non-use.

An extreme case, to which the term is usually applied, is the littering of the entire house with a variety of things, in fact - garbage. If a person is at work, then he can try to use all the areas available to him for storing old things, but he usually meets resistance from colleagues and superiors.

Features and comparison with shopaholism

The essence of accumulation is the difficulty of parting with things, it is extremely difficult for a person to not only throw away, but even give a thing to another person asking it. At the same time, the value of a thing is recognized as its possible positive use. Less often, a thing can have aesthetic or historical value for an individual. Parting with a thing is perceived as a loss.

The second point - part of the things “for collection” in case of hoarding comes for free or is bought for a nominal price. Psychologically, this is felt as a net benefit — the acquisition of an object of little value, but of an object, in the absence of significant costs. Storage costs are not taken into account.

With the progression of the disorder, as in all mania, compulsion (habit, uncontrollable impulses) may begin to prevail in behavior.

As an extreme degree of saving, bringing to the point of absurdity, pathological hoarding is polar opposite to shopaholism in the matter of spending and value of money, however, they have essentially the same incentive - things.

Other names for the phenomenon

In Church Slavonic, the passion for collecting things is called malice and according to Orthodox traditions is considered a sin. This is sometimes jokingly called "Plyushkina syndrome." Other name - syllogomania. Also often used as a synonym. dysophobia - fear of throwing things away.

What is Plyushkina syndrome

Such a mental illness has many names, among which the most common diagnoses are in the form of syllogia, hording, Diogenes and Messi syndrome, as well as senile squalor.

Do not confuse this pathology with shopaholism, because with it a person acquires things in large quantities for a fee. The modern Plyushkin receives most of his items for free or for a very symbolic cost. A shopaholic can willingly share his new thing, which the syllogoman is not able to do.

Foreign psychologists usually use only the term Messi syndrome when describing a disease in the form of abnormal accumulation. Domestic experts prefer to voice the pathology by analogy with one of the heroes of N. V. Gogol's “Dead Souls”.

Plyushkin very willingly acquired all kinds of trash, and in his house one could even observe the musty gingerbread necessary for all occasions. A synonym for the voiced phenomenon is dysposophobia, in which a person cannot throw away even a thing that is unnecessary to him.

Causes of abnormal accumulation

Syllogomancers bring a lot of inconvenience to their loved ones. In most cases, experts see the causes of Plyushkin's syndrome in the following provoking factors:

    Social maladaptation. Some people cannot be considered full-fledged representatives of society because of their closed nature. From their homes, they create barricades in the form of unnecessary trash, visually defending themselves in such an unusual way from the outside world.

Childhood problems. In this case, the child could feel a lack of attention from the parents regarding gifts and pleasant surprises. For him, in the process of ripening, each thing began to have a special meaning, therefore, the matured person automatically started the mechanism of accumulation.

Head injury. After certain head injuries, a person's worldview can change significantly. Officially, he will remain an adequate person, but outside the walls of his house he will be ready to pile up mountains of unnecessary garbage in the form of napkins and other used material.

Generation of goods shortages. Such people can be equated with children of war who have experienced starvation and devastation. If at one time a person was sorely lacking the most necessary things for existence, then he then begins to collect everything that comes to hand on a “rainy day”.

Depression. Some women have a habit of “seizing” stress with chocolate or having another shopping raid. People with Plyushkin’s syndrome in any crisis situation begin to fill up their home with all kinds of unnecessary trash, calming themselves in a similar strange way.

Mental illness. In this case, we will talk about schizophrenia, which is often accompanied by syllogomania. People with a similar mental disorder are prone not only to inappropriate actions, but also to collect objects that are unnecessary for everyday life.

  • Loneliness. Some individuals feel somewhat more confident when things are surrounded by poor fellows. The amount of excess trash in the described persons becomes simply threatening, because sometimes a person even has nowhere to go to sleep because of the fullness of the living room with garbage.

  • The listed reasons for the occurrence of Plyushkina syndrome indicate that a person had a fairly significant mental failure. If people like to buy new things, then this is not considered a deviation from the norm. A much more dangerous situation is when the syllogoman carefully stores even broken pens and used syringes in the hope that they will come in handy in the future.

    Stages of Plyushkin syndrome

    Any pathology always has a peak of its formation, when it is definitely worth the alarm. Syllogia usually develops according to a stable scheme, which is as follows:

      Initial phase. During its course, a person has a tendency to acquire things that are not essential items. People who are prone to syllogomania do not miss a single point of sale of cheap goods of various kinds. At the same time, they are guided not by calculating the savings of their budget, but by reasoning that any trifle will definitely come in handy in the future.

    Middle phase. In this period of the formation of a voiced phobia, ordinary hoarding turns into a certain kind of mania. In this acute phase of the pathology, treatment of Plyushkina syndrome should be carried out without fail. It is at the peak of the formation of syllogomania that the transformation of one's own home into a landfill from unnecessary things begins.

  • Point of no return. The third phase of the development of Diogenes syndrome is the most sad sight for any outside observer. The housing of the accumulator of all trash at this stage of the formation of the described pathology resembles a garbage dump where terrifying unsanitary conditions reign.

  • Types of syllogomania

    Plyushkina syndrome usually develops along the same amplitude, therefore it is a fairly predictable phenomenon. However, psychologists insist on the fact that it is necessary to distinguish between the manifestations of syllogomania:

      Pseudo-collectibles. A true collector of any values ​​seeks only those items that he liked. Someone wants to become the owner of rare copies of edged weapons, and some people see their hobby in collecting butterflies. However, a person with Plyushkina syndrome does not stop at the desire to purchase one or two items. He begins to frantically collect all sorts of little things that in reality will never come in handy to him.

    Vintageism. Do not confuse the voiced concept with the desire of a person to get an antique thing. It is one thing to try to decorate your home with things that are rare in historical value, but sometimes such zeal transforms into Plyushkin’s syndrome. The home of such eccentrics is often reminiscent of a museum that is littered with attributes of different eras.

    The acquisition of many animals. Psychologists argue that the question of how to treat Plyushkin’s syndrome should focus on the cause of the pathology. Some people do not purchase any household items because they are passionate about collecting animals. Many compassionate lonely old women will have a shelter for an army of homeless tailed friends. The neighbors of such women in age are vehemently outraged by this fact, but "God's dandelions" in response to criticism take another pet to the house.

    Prigodism. People with this pattern of behavior will never dump a thing. It is easier for them to make an unsanitary zone out of their place of residence than to part with the accumulated trash. In their house, you can easily find broken equipment that cannot be repaired.

    "Conservism". Some ladies are so keen on homework for the winter that they sometimes lose their sense of reality. The entire kitchen and storage rooms voiced by cooks are littered with banks of various sizes. Many preservation containers are often not used by these women, but it is important for them to feel ready for the process of making pickles, salads and marinades.

  • Sentimental Plyushkin. In some cases, a hand simply does not rise when you want to get rid of an object. It can be a memorabilia or just a gift from a friend who was presented with all his heart. However, in people with Plyushkin’s syndrome, all objects around them acquire symbolic significance.

  • Risk group for the development of Plyushkina syndrome

    Not all people are susceptible to this pathology, because most individuals are wasteful rather than hunks. However, some individuals are prone to abnormal accumulation if they belong to this population of our planet:

      Alcoholics. Psychologists conducted a series of studies and came to the unexpected conclusion that it was drunks who often drag all their objects in their field of vision into their home. In periods of partial enlightenment of the mind, they sometimes can not remember how this or that thing appeared in their home.

    Teens. Fashion trends often dictate the most absurd options for how to organize the younger generation their leisure. The room of some guys or girls resembles a landfill, because it is cluttered with unnecessary, but very popular items.

    Phlegmatic. People with a similar temperament like to engage more in hoarding than wastefulness of material wealth. Consequently, a person with a fairly calm perception of the surrounding reality may be carried away by creation, which then can turn into the Plyushkin complex.

    Outcasts of society. A person who, of his own or another’s will, becomes a stranger to society, begins to behave in a rather strange way. In the best case, such a person finds a hobby to his liking, which fully compensates for its inferiority in terms of human communication. However, very often cases are recorded when hermits become pronounced syllogomancers.

    Book lovers. Having your own library is a laudable acquisition for every person who is engaged in self-development. At the same time, everything is good in moderation, because turning your house into a waste paper collection point in the form of unnecessary journalism is not an adequate act.

    Hunks. Such people need to be envied in the sense that they are ready to convert any penny into a ruble. However, their zeal can sometimes play a trick on them, because stinginess is often formatted into Plyushkin’s syndrome.

  • Sentimental Persons. Such people can be calculated by the phrases “this moth-eaten sweater was inherited from my parents” or “my hand will not rise to throw out the hamster stool my grandmother loved so much”. There are a great many reasons for the refusal to get rid of unnecessary junk from syllogomanders, because their fears are based solely on the excessive sensitivity of the romantic soul.
  • Manifestations of Plyushkin's syndrome in humans

    It is best to know your phobias in person, in order to successfully cope with them later. To begin to fight Plyushkin’s syndrome, it is necessary, first of all, to analyze internal fears or analyze the behavior model of a person who is a syllogoman from his immediate environment:

      Inability to part with a thing. In our everyday life there are very often objects that we feel sorry for getting rid of even after their breakdown. However, a sane person will never make a memorable gift for an outright fetish. If you want to save a lot of trinkets, then you should think about the progression of yourself or the familiar Plyushkin complex.

    Mess in the home. A true collector of all junk will never hit the face when visitors come to him. His house will resemble a second-hand warehouse, if the disease has already passed into the third stage of its development.

    Unsanitary conditions. In a rare case, in a room where a large number of unnecessary items are located, hygiene standards will be respected. A person first of all follows those things that he needs in everyday life. If any object is completely unsuitable for him, then he is elementarily covered with a layer of dust.

    Strange items in the dwelling. Exclusively at the modern Plyushkin you can find the most incredible things in his lair. The research of some of these cloisters of syllogomanders is very impressive, because their inventory is able to supply several search expeditions to anywhere in the world.

  • Flea market and trash raids. Sometimes even very wealthy people cannot overpower Plyushkin’s syndrome. In this case, they either buy up all the trash at the voiced points of sale, or visit local landfills in search of “useful” things.

  • Independent action against syllogomania

    To overcome your fears, you need to develop for yourself the following model of behavior in the voiced crisis period:

      Awareness of an existing problem. If the dwelling in which a person lives begins to resemble a landfill, then you should think hard about current events in life. In this case, no one calls to bring the house into a state of absolute sterility. Symptoms of Plyushkin's syndrome are often accompanied by the presence of extreme uncleanliness of a person, so the fact of his problem should be recognized for the sake of its further resolution.

    The study of criminal chronicle. If you carefully read such sources of information, you can be extremely unpleasantly surprised at the information provided for the general user. Most fires occur precisely in cluttered apartments, where you shouldn’t initially step on a person’s foot.

    Introspection. Only she herself can come to an agreement with a stubborn personality in a constructive dialogue with her own “I”. Introspection in most cases is the main weapon in the struggle of a person with his phobias. In this case, it is best in a calm environment to write on paper a transcript of one’s own fears, and then burn the list of negative emotions created.

  • Gradual debris removal. If the house begins another accumulation of unnecessary items, then it is urgent to get rid of them. Some syllogomanders even feel a sense of relief when they take out the trash from home under the strict guidance of their relatives.

  • The help of psychotherapists in syllogomania

    Quite often, people consider the work of the healers of human souls to be empty sound or quackery. However, in critical situations, they still seek the help of psychotherapists, who, with the existing Plyushkina syndrome, usually offer the following therapy:

      Antiprimer Method. In this case, the patient is invited to watch some documentary films that clearly describe all the perniciousness of Plyushkin's syndrome. At the same time, you can familiarize yourself with the same "SpongeBob SquarePants", where in one of the series the main character turns his house from sentimental impulses into a garbage pit.

    Distraction Method. With this method of getting rid of voiced pathology, specialists work on the patient's subconscious. He is invited to get rid of some of the things to help the same orphanage. Such a technique is very effective if the patient is kind and compassionate.

  • Friendly conversation. It is on this method that cognitive-behavioral therapy is based, which is popular among specialists. The patient is invited to voice his fear, and then it is recommended to face him face to face to further eliminate it.

  • How to deal with Plyushkina syndrome - see the video:


    For a reason, Plyushkin’s syndrome received such a specific name in order to understand its nature, it’s enough to look into Russian classical literature. Many famous novel by Nikolai Vasilyevich Gogol "Dead Souls", the second volume of which was, unfortunately, burned. So in this novel was the character Stepan Plyushkin, who stored solid rubbish in the family estate.

    The drama in the character’s life is well described in the novel, against which Stepan began to collect completely unnecessary things in the house that do not carry meaning and functions. Moreover, each item was so dear to him that he could not even think about how to part with it. The main difference between Plyushkina syndrome and shopaholism is that a person does not buy things, but receives them for nothing, and in no case gives them to anyone, even for a large fee.

    Who is affected

    Particular attention should be paid to the issue of who is at risk in order to protect themselves in a timely manner. Psychologists distinguish several groups of people who can be threatened by Plyushkina syndrome, namely:

    • alcoholics
    • outcasts and asocial personalities, prone to loneliness and closed behavior,
    • phlegmatic people, prone to creating and accumulating things,
    • book lovers
    • sentimental personalities
    • greedy and mean people.

    You can prevent the syndrome if you timely detect the prerequisites and the first manifestations of excessive craving for various objects and rash purchases.

    Main symptoms

    In order for Plyushkina syndrome to be timely detected by the person himself or his close people, it is enough to know his characteristic symptoms and the first signs of manifestation. Typically, the patient has the following clinical picture:

    • fear that a thing will be taken away or lost;
    • the appearance in the house of things that do not have a functional and semantic load,
    • greed and thrift that goes beyond normal behavior,
    • visits to commission stores, flea markets and even landfills,
    • unsanitary conditions in the home,
    • refusal of personal hygiene and care for their appearance,
    • asocial behavior, loss of communication skills, closed behavior.

    Ultimately, a person launches himself and his home so much that unsanitary conditions and lack of hygiene lead to the development of concomitant diseases. In addition, the nervous system begins to suffer, a person becomes embittered, asocial and aggressive, it seems to him that everyone wants to take away from him “precious” things that litter completely the home.

    Ways to combat the syndrome

    Today, far from all doctors know how to treat Plyushkin’s syndrome, so it’s quite difficult to find a specialist who can provide timely and qualified help. This is due to the fact that the disease has not yet been fully studied by medicine, and methods of therapy and correction of behavior are under development. How to deal with a pathological disorder, psychologists and psychotherapists are ready to share.

    About the syndrome

    Plyushkina syndrome is most often found in older people, but young people with this syndrome are sometimes found

    Psychopathology owes its name to the hero of Gogol's novel Dead Souls. The character is presented as a pathologically mean landowner cluttering up his home with various household rubbish. At the same time, the need to part with the precious rubbish caused Plyushkin great suffering. Also, the violation is called Messi syndrome and syllogomania.

    The essence of the syndrome is fully disclosed in the official name of the violation - the syndrome of pathological accumulation. It is extremely important for a person with this violation to bring home everything that theoretically can be of value to him. As a rule, we are talking about all kinds of household rubbish, while even broken and malfunctioning things fall into the patient's sphere of interest. “What if it comes in handy” - people with such a violation justify their actions, continuing to bring home various items, most often found in a landfill, donated by someone as unnecessary or bought at a big discount.

    Psychopathology is diagnosed in older people and borders on Diogenes syndrome or senile squalor syndrome, however, in psychiatric practice, doctors often deal with young people with Plyushkin's syndrome. Pathological accumulation is a serious problem not only for the patient himself, but also for those around him, therefore, violation must be combated.

    Distract attention

    A person can be invited to do a good deed by giving some things to really needy people. For example, if a patient stacks toys, they can be donated to an orphanage. The main emphasis should be placed on the fact that the patient shows feelings of pity, compassion and kindness towards the defenseless population, which can be an excellent motivator for the treatment of the syndrome.

    Reasons for violation

    The exact causes of psychopathology are unknown, but the problem is usually associated with some traumatic factor in the past person. Pathological accumulation may occur against the background of:

    • loneliness
    • financial problems in childhood,
    • Depression
    • obsessive-compulsive disorder,
    • schizophrenia
    • senile dementia (dementia).

    Quite often, lonely people encounter pathological accumulation. As patients say, they simply have nothing to occupy their lives, and the accumulation of various objects that are supposedly useful in the future becomes a kind of hobby.

    One of the reasons may be a lack of attention and financial distress in a person’s childhood. If the child did not receive gifts, and in general the family refused in many ways, in adulthood he may remain afraid of a lack of livelihoods, which manifests itself in the desire to collect and accumulate the necessary household items in his house.

    This problem is also faced by people whose childhood and youth fell on years of scarcity. As a rule, this reason is common in the post-Soviet space, so the average age of patients is older than 45 years.

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is another reason for the development of the syndrome. In this case, pathological hoarding can be an obsession, which a person cannot get rid of without medical help.

    In patients with schizophrenia, craving for gathering is a secondary disorder. As a rule, this manifests itself in the search for discarded things, most often some trash. At the same time, a patient with schizophrenia sees something of his own in every thing found, often the value of the finds does not lend itself to a logical explanation.

    Senile dementia is a disorder that affects about 3% of older people over 70 years old. It represents a change in personality and a decrease in cognitive abilities. In this case, Plyushkina’s syndrome borders on Diogenes’s syndrome, and a person, in addition to craving for collecting rubbish, shows complete disregard for himself, some aggressiveness and lack of shame.


    At the reception, the psychologist creates a favorable environment for frank conversations with the patient, reveals his fears, and then confronts him face to face with them. Only in this way can you completely get rid of fears, so that the mania for collecting unnecessary trash will disappear.

    How is Plyushkina syndrome manifested?

    The first sign is when it is morally difficult to say goodbye to old things, and even if a thing is definitely not useful, I really do not want to part with it

    With Plyushkina syndrome, the causes can be varied, but a person most often does not realize the abnormality of his behavior. The manifestations, signs and symptoms of Plyushkina syndrome are manifested in different ways. In psychiatry, a five-point scale has been adopted to classify the severity of the disorder. The first level of Plyushkina syndrome is the accumulation of potentially useful things, their ordering and ensuring free access to furniture and communications. The most difficult, fifth level, is characterized by the inability to part with trash, cluttering the home, and the inability to access communications (bath, kitchen, toilet) due to piling up of various things.

    Plyushkina syndrome can manifest itself in different ways. At the very beginning of the development of pathology in humans, there is an unwillingness to part with unnecessary things, which over time transforms into the need to accumulate different objects. As a rule, “plushkins” find themselves in collecting and accumulating simple household items, rather than collecting rarities and wonders.

    Storage of unnecessary things

    Plyushkina syndrome is a mental illness that develops in several stages, and is characterized by different symptoms. As a rule, a disease begins with the fact that a person simply cannot part with unnecessary things. Often, the first symptoms make themselves felt in adolescence, and finally transform into psychopathology by the age of 30-35.

    Everyone, carrying out a general cleaning and revision of existing things, asks himself what he really needs and what it is time to part with. It is absolutely normal for a person to regret that it’s time to throw away some thing, especially if it reminds of some period in his life. With Plyushkina syndrome, throwing out an unnecessary thing for a person is problematic. The thought “what if you need it” arises in his head, so an unnecessary item is simply shifted to the far corner.

    At first, everything looks harmless enough, and the inability to part with unnecessary trash can be mistaken for sentimentality. Over the years, the problem takes on a serious turn, as a person’s dwelling does not change, but only becomes cluttered as new things are acquired, as old ones remain in their places.


    The patient can be shown a film or documentary about patients with the same problem, which will help to visually see and accept the problem. A negative example of what an excessive passion for cluttering a home leads to can restructure the patient's attitude to his condition.

    Scientific Syndrome

    Plyushkin’s syndrome scientifically sounds like syllogomania, that is, a pathological condition of a person that poses a great danger to health. In the most advanced cases, patients begin to clog up their homes so much that they are faced with complete unsanitary conditions. In addition, a person refuses to take care of himself and basic hygiene, lead an asocial lifestyle. All this leads to a loss of personality for society, the development of concomitant pathologies.


    Plyushkina syndrome or syllogomania is a pathological disorder in the behavior and psyche of a person, which leads to an excessive accumulation of unnecessary things that do not make sense. Only in case of timely contact to a specialist, awareness of the problem and the reasons that contributed to this, does a person have a chance of recovery. Correction of the condition consists in therapy by a psychologist or psychotherapist.

    Causes of pathology

    Plyushkina syndrome is still not fully understood. But despite this, scientists identify several main reasons that could provoke the emergence and development of pathology:

    • Special personality traits. Excessive prudence and saving even on necessary things can cause the development of Plyushkina syndrome. With age, greed leads to the fact that people begin to litter their home with everything that they are offered to take. Ultimately, uncontrolled hoarding occurs.
    • The disadaptation of man. Patients do not recognize life in society, do not need to communicate with other members of society. Due to the closed nature, they begin to build barricades from the garbage in the house, trying to at least thus hide from the world.
    • Dysfunctional living conditions. The disease often affects those people who in the recent past suffered serious financial problems or lived during a crisis, deficit of something. This becomes especially noticeable in people born in wartime.
    • Heredity. Plyushkina syndrome cannot be laid at the genetic level and inherited. But the manner in which parents behave and their habits is usually copied by any child. That is why, if the next of kin is prone to the accumulation of unnecessary things in large quantities, children can adopt the behavior of adults.
    • Problems in childhood. If the child was given little attention, did not give him gifts and did not buy sweets, in his adult life he himself will begin to make up for what he lacked earlier. Sometimes it ends with the appearance of Plyushkina syndrome.
    • The tragic moments. In the life of any person there are both joyful and difficult moments. Severe stress and prolonged depression can lead to the appearance of the syndrome, as a complication of neurasthenic disorder.
    • Loneliness. Some patients who lack communication with other people try to surround themselves with different things that can at least somehow drown out loneliness.
    • Pathological disorders. Diseases of the circulatory system, traumatic brain injuries, neoplasms in the brain, the consequences of operations, diseases of the nervous system and any neuralgic diseases can be another reason for the appearance and development of the syndrome.
    • Mental disorders. For example, schizophrenia is often accompanied by syllogomania, which causes unjustified acquisitions and accumulations of unnecessary things and objects.
    • Bad habits. People who suffer from alcohol addiction tend to become uncontrollably accumulated over time.

    Almost all of these reasons are evidence that Plyushkina syndrome occurs due to any mental disorders. It’s not scary if a person buys really necessary things, even in large quantities. Suspect the presence of the syndrome is when new acquisitions are completely useless.

    Stages of the development of the disease

    Plyushkina syndrome, like any other disease, develops gradually. Scientists distinguish the following stages:

    1. Initial phase. In this period, patients only begin to accumulate things that are not essential items. Patients buy up all the cheap things and can not miss a single sale or promotion. They believe that any thing will come in handy on the farm.
    2. Middle phase. Littering your own home with useless items begins. Improving the well-being of the patient is still possible.
    3. Point of no return. This stage is the final. The patient is almost impossible to help. His house resembles a landfill, led by unsanitary conditions.

    What it is

    The disease was named after the character of Gogol’s Dead Souls. Plyushkin constantly brought into his house useless trash, which, he thought, would be needed in the future.

    Do not confuse Plyushkina syndrome and shopaholism. In the first case, a person is not ready to part with his acquisitions.

    The ancient Greek scientist Diogenes spent his whole life in a barrel, showing his independence from the outside world. So he, rather, showed disregard for his personality. Therefore, it is quite easy to determine what exactly worries a person - Diogenes syndrome or pathological accumulation.

    The following types of syndrome are distinguished depending on the type of items collected:

    1. Pathological animal hoarding . The patient collects animals. Most often these are dogs or cats. Sometimes there are so many of them that unsanitary conditions arise in the home.
    2. Conservism . A man is fond of canning products. Banks completely fill the living space.
    3. Vintageism . The man’s house turns into a museum with a huge amount of antiques.
    4. Sentimental Plyushkin . The patient collects things that remind him of the person with whom a difficult separation occurred.
    5. Book library . Sometimes connoisseurs of literary works buy up books in huge quantities.

    The syndrome is developing rapidly, so stopping it is very difficult. Many doctors do not even undertake the treatment of such a disease.

    Varieties of the syndrome

    Most often, the disease develops according to a single scheme, but modern psychologists distinguish several manifestations of the syndrome:

    • Vintageism. You should not confuse Plyushkin’s syndrome with a person’s desire to purchase an antique thing. It’s worth worrying only if the patient’s house turns into a real museum, littered with various objects of different eras.
    • Pseudo-collecting. The real collector is usually called the one who collects one or two things and is no longer interested in anything else. Otherwise, when the desire to get all kinds of little things does not go away for a long time, we can talk about the presence of Plyushkina syndrome.
    • "Prigodism." Already from the name it becomes clear that we are talking about those people who believe that they will definitely need every thing in their house. They justify their acquisitions by the fact that they will definitely need any item, even if it is a completely broken technique or clothes moth eaten.
    • The acquisition of many animals. Patients with Plyushkina syndrome can collect not only things and objects, but also animals. Sometimes there are so many pets that there is complete unsanitary conditions in the house: an unpleasant pungent smell appears in the apartment, and wool is lying on the floor and furniture.
    • "Conservism." It happens when the housewives are so addicted to the blockage of fruits, berries and vegetables that their pantries become completely littered with various banks.
    • Sentimental Plyushkin. After heavy partings or serious quarrels, you usually want to break up and destroy all the things that remind you of the person who caused the pain. But in patients with syllogomania, the opposite is true. They collect all objects that remind of a person and do not part with them for a long time.

    Modern Plyushkin - who is it? What kind of person?

    Modern Plyushkin is by no means a shopaholic who gains a bunch of things because he has decent money. A pathological squeak prefers to receive the goods either for nothing or for a very small fee.

    He can regularly visit second-hand stores, ask for things from friends, or even rummage through the trash. A shopaholic can gladly give extra jeans or earrings to a friend, but for Plyushkin such generosity is unacceptable.


    There are several stages of the syndrome, each of which has its own symptoms:

    1. Initial. It is a collection of things that are not essential, buying up cheap items. A person has a fear of losing what has been accumulated.
    2. Average. It is characterized by cluttering the apartment with useless trash. A person ceases to monitor his appearance, does not take a bath. She looks and dresses poorly. He visits all kinds of flea markets and landfills in search of copies for his collection.
    3. Last. The man’s house resembles a landfill with unsanitary conditions. It becomes impossible to communicate with the patient. This condition is practically untreatable.

    Plyushkina syndrome - symptoms: how to recognize a mental disorder?

    Many people are prone to unhealthy hoarding, but are considered officially adequate. But the sooner a person reveals pathological signs in himself, the easier it will be for him to get rid of the potential threat of becoming Plyushkin.

    Here are a few troubling symptoms that indicate a person’s development of Plyushkin’s syndrome:

    How to fight

    Today get rid of Plyushkina syndrome can independently, if the disease has not yet passed into an advanced stage.

    In this patient close friends should help. It is necessary to convince him that all the trash in the house does not carry any value, and spoiled foods and medicines are poison.

    The following statements are suitable as arguments:

    1. Old things destroy the flow of positive energy in the house,
    2. Purchasing useless goods, you have to overpay,
    3. No one needs the accumulated junk except the person himself, it will still be thrown out sooner or later.

    The patient must admit to himself that he has a problem, and have a desire to defeat it. For starters, it’s important to tune yourself in the right way. Then you need to proceed to the general cleaning and select all the things that are not useful.

    You can give some decent items to charity. Take it as a rule: acquiring a new thing - you have to throw out the old one.

    Relatives should show the patient that they need him and are not indifferent. It is important to take his favorite thing, to make sure that he often communicates with people.

    If the above tips do not help, you should contact a therapist who knows how to treat Plyushkin’s syndrome.

    Drug therapy helps to return a person to a normal state, in which he will behave appropriately and calmly. Particularly effective drugs in case of brain damage, when psychotherapy is powerless.

    In some cases, the patient is placed to the hospital to undergo a therapeutic course. This can be done without the consent of a person suffering from pathological accumulation.

    Unfortunately, in most cases, the prognosis of treatment is poor. It is possible to reduce the symptoms of the syndrome only for a while. Usually the patient returns to a past life. Therefore, it is important to keep your home clean and not overgrow with excess rubbish.

    Plyushkina syndrome - how to fight, how to get rid of an illness?

    In the early stages of pathology, a person can independently try to eradicate this complex.

    Let's see how to treat Plyushkina syndrome and how much it is possible to do on our own, without visiting psychologists. For "self-healing" a person - "plushkin" needs to go through several stages:

    Problem awareness

    Often Plyushkina syndrome is accompanied by uncleanliness. If a person doesn’t have a desire to wash and look normal, then one should already sound the alarm.

    Nobody says that we should strive for sterility, but elementary water procedures and regular cleaning of the house are necessary for everyone.

    Studying Accident Chronicles

    If we analyze the statistics of fires, we can conclude that most of them happened due to the clutter of apartments.

    It should be remembered that in a modern human dwelling there are many household appliances that require some care and compliance with safety rules.

    Parting words

    Updated: 05/10/2019, 11:00 p.m. Word Count: 1064 Reading Time: 5 min.
    Print 🖶
    Thanks to the authors for this article, which has already been read 7,225 times!
    Thanks to our readers who have not yet left a single comment, but have already rated the article 12 times!

    Vasilisa, Dec 28, 2019 114 386 views • 1 hole • 216 comments

    Alice, Dec 27, 2019 74,376 views • 1 hole • 44 comments

    Arishka, Dec 25, 2019 57,648 views • 1 hole • 116 comments

    Alina, Dec 22, 2019 40,792 views • 1 hole • 33 comments

    Evgeniya, Nov 21, 2019 2,822 views • 1 hole • 0 comments

    Pet Saving

    This norm of Plyushkin’s syndrome is a serious social problem, and is often mistaken for cruelty to animals. The problem is exacerbated if a person lives in an apartment building with neighbors who suffer from numerous pets.

    However, there is no proper care for the animals. Pets often do not receive the necessary nutrition, "Plyushkin" does not monitor the hygiene of animals and their reproduction. The consequence is the rapid breeding of pets in an apartment or house, complete unsanitary conditions, and the risk of infectious infections transmitted from animals to people also increases.

    You can get acquainted with this disease by examining a photo of a person’s home with Plyushkin’s syndrome. For example, one person had rabbits in the whole apartment, there were more than 50 in a small area. Naturally, the whole apartment was stained with animal feces, as the patient simply could not physically cope with cleaning for so many animals.

    The problem of animal accumulation lies in conflicts with neighbors and the law, since keeping a large number of pets borders on cruelty to animals. It should be noted that a patient with this psychopathological syndrome sincerely loves his pets and does not try to harm them, but does not realize that animals cannot live in inappropriate conditions.

    Plyushkina syndrome and shopaholism

    Before you figure out how to get rid of Plyushkina syndrome, you should be able to distinguish it from shopaholism.

    First of all, Plyushkina syndrome means getting some kind of thing for free or for nothing. Therefore, patients do not neglect garbage cans, landfills, and with pleasure take away what friends plan to throw away. Shopaholism, on the other hand, has a different goal - to acquire a thing, regardless of its value. Usually, shopaholism does not have a clear goal, but it is limited to buying various items, while “plushkinism” borders on pathological greed, so a person brings home everything that he just got.

    In rare cases, both violations intersect, but then the “pluses” become preoccupied with acquiring various, often unnecessary, things on sale and at a big discount.

    What is the danger of the syndrome?

    Dwellings of people with Plyushkina syndrome pose a danger to others because of their unsanitary conditions

    Treatment for Plyushkina syndrome is necessary, since the violation is a serious threat to both the person himself and others. If at the first stage the changes in the dwelling are not yet noticeable, then already at the third stage the dwelling becomes cluttered. The habit of carrying rubbish from the landfill leads to unsanitary conditions. As the syndrome progresses, the person ceases to pay attention to hygiene, his home is so littered with trash that the patient often does not have access to the bath or bedroom. Often, such people prefer to spend the night on the street, since there is simply nowhere to stay at home, because everything is littered with trash and garbage. Unsanitary conditions lead to problems with neighbors who often complain of unpleasant odors and dirt. In addition, the clutter of the premises is contrary to fire safety standards.


    Consult a psychotherapist about how to treat Plyushkin’s syndrome. Diagnosis does not cause problems, the doctor just needs to talk with the patient and analyze his answers. In addition, starting from the second stage, the patient’s home directly indicates the presence of psychopathology. A differential diagnosis is necessarily carried out with schizophrenia and senile dementia, for which an MRI and CT of the brain can be prescribed to the patient.

    Treatment features

    If a person is diagnosed with Plyushkina syndrome, how to deal with the problem - it depends on its stage. To combat pathological hoarding at the initial stage, when a person simply cannot part with unnecessary things, a general cleaning is shown under the control of a loved one. A friend or relative should decide for himself which items should be thrown away sooner. In this case, you should first visit a doctor who will help to cope with negative emotions during house cleaning.

    It is necessary to get rid of Plyushkina syndrome with the help of cognitive-behavioral therapy - this will help to restrain the impulses to bring home unnecessary trash.To combat Plyushkina syndrome, drugs, for example, antidepressants and antipsychotics, can be indicated, but only in the case of the identification of concomitant mental disorders.

    Syndrome treatment

    Unfortunately, at present most doctors do not undertake to treat syllogomania. The disease is still not fully understood, which means that getting rid of it becomes very difficult and almost impossible. A little to alleviate the condition of the patient is possible only if he himself wants it. First of all, you need to try to find the cause that led to the onset of the disease. It is with her that you need to fight from the beginning. It is also recommended that the patient be consulted by a psychologist and a series of consultations that are aimed at the psychological rehabilitation of the patient. Several tests should be performed to eliminate the likelihood of injuries and impaired brain function.

    Psychologists help

    Very often people treat psychotherapists and psychiatrists with neglect and distrust. But when there is no one else to wait for help from, they nevertheless turn to psychologists for help. And sometimes such a treatment bears fruit. Doctors prescribe the following therapy for a sick syndrome:

    1. The method of distraction. This method is based on the impact directly on the patient's subconscious. The patient may be offered to give their things to those in need, for example, in an orphanage. If a person has qualities such as kindness and compassion, the method may work.
    2. Antiprimer method. The patient is shown several documentaries where his problem and what it can lead to are described in detail. Sometimes this method even works in a comic form, for example, when watching a cartoon, where the main character turned his house into a garbage dump.
    3. Friendly conversation. Even ordinary friendly conversation can improve the situation. In addition to an unobtrusive conversation about the problem, the doctor offers to voice his main fears to the patient, and then confronts him face to face with them. This is necessary so that a person overcomes them, and they no longer arise.

    In conclusion, it is worth saying that it is almost impossible to cure Plyushkin's syndrome, but it is possible to improve the patient's condition. The main thing is to start therapy as soon as possible.


    Syllogia poses a great danger to the patient. People with Plyushkin’s syndrome eventually litter their apartment, often get sick due to unsanitary conditions, and then begin to lead an asocial lifestyle, which is dangerous even for the surrounding society. The disease develops too quickly and it is almost impossible to stop its course. A person becomes lost for society, which means that soon a person will simply stop living.

    Is the syndrome treated? Scientists say no. Most often, the prognosis is unfavorable. The syndrome can be cured only for a while, thanks to special medical institutions and the help of psychologists. But further rehabilitation usually returns the patient to a past life. One can only hope that soon specialists will find an effective method of treating Plyushkina syndrome and sick people will become less.

    Leave Your Comment