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How to protect yourself from chlamydia infection: principles of prevention

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by chlamydia. It occurs very often, being one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.

Chlamydiae are distinguished by the fact that they are neither bacteria nor viruses. In structure and function, they are an intermediate link related to pathogenic microorganisms. They can cause a wide range of different damage to organs and systems in the human body.

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Most often, chlamydia is transmitted sexually. Most of the cases are people between seventeen and thirty-five years of age who come into contact with the carrier of the virus. It is also possible for the fetus to become infected by the mother during childbirth. Cases of domestic infection are unlikely.

Chlamydia in most cases does not have pronounced symptoms, the incubation period is from five to thirty days. There is a chronic and fresh form of chlamydia. The latter is characterized by a mild course and concentration of infection only on the lower part of the genitourinary tract. In the chronic stage, it spreads to the upper sections.

Most often, chlamydia is transmitted sexually. Most of the cases are people between seventeen and thirty-five years of age who come into contact with the carrier of the virus. It is also possible for the fetus to become infected by the mother during childbirth. Cases of domestic infection are unlikely.

Chlamydia in most cases does not have pronounced symptoms, the incubation period is from five to thirty days. There is a chronic and fresh form of chlamydia. The latter is characterized by a mild course and concentration of infection only on the lower part of the genitourinary tract. In the chronic stage, it spreads to the upper sections.

Treatment

The treatment of chlamydia in men and women is the same. The difference is in the local processing. Men should not use acidic solutions to treat chlamydia, especially ascorbic acid. Creams and ointments are daily applied to the foreskin, the mouth of the urethra and the head of the penis. The course of treatment for chlamydia is three to four weeks. After this, you need to test for chlamydia three times a month. With a negative result, we can talk about successful treatment.

Most often transmitted sexually, but other transmission methods are possible.

  • genital is divided into vaginal and anal,
  • contact-household - from dirty hands to the genitals and eyes,
  • vertical - the child is infected when passing through the genital tract of the mother during childbirth,
  • airborne - extremely rare. At the same time, from the patient with pneumonia caused by chlamydia, Chlamidia pneumoniae is transmitted to healthy people.

Symptoms

In half the cases, urogenital chlamydia in men wears asymptomatic. Despite this, the latent form of chlamydia is dangerous for the sexual partner.

The disease manifests itself through the following symptoms:

  • general malaise
  • a slight increase in temperature (not more than 1 ° C),
  • itching and irritation of the urethra,
  • discomfort during urination,
  • muddy color of urine
  • transparent, purulent or bloody discharge during the excretion of urine from the body, during ejaculation or after sleep,
  • sometimes - reddening of the urinary opening, mild swelling,
  • pain in the groin and lower back.

The listed symptoms do not greatly bother their carrier, and after a while they may disappear altogether. Meanwhile, the disease is actively developing in the body of a man. From the epithelium of the mucous membrane of the genital organs, chlamydia passes into the deep layers of the connective tissue, causing serious inflammation. When a cell divides, it transfers harmful microorganisms to daughter cells - the affected area increases.

Symptoms of many STIs are similar. Chlamydia in its manifestations is like urethritis, cystitis, gonorrhea, prostatitis. Therefore, it is impossible to determine at home exactly what a man contracted. To make an accurate diagnosis, you must consult a doctor.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of urogenital chlamydia is carried out by the method of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). For analysis take samples of biological fluids - ejaculate, prostate juice. The material is examined for the presence of Chlamydia DNA. Find out the sperm life span.

This method allows you to clearly identify the antigen of the pathogen, even when the sample contains only a few sections of its DNA chain. The effectiveness of the PCR method is very high - it equates to 100%.

A comprehensive examination for chlamydia detection also includes serological diagnostics. Her methods are based on the detection of antibodies to the disease in the patient’s blood.

During the enzyme immunoassay, antibodies capable of interacting with chlamydia are added to the selected ejaculate. In the presence of pathogens in the seminal fluid, antibodies form special complexes with them. The formation of antigen-antibody pairs, researchers determine that a man is infected. If the reaction did not happen - the body is clean.

If a man has chlamydia, then all his sexual partners should also be examined.

Effects

The effects of chlamydia are dangerous to human health. In the absence of proper treatment, chlamydia cause the following complications:

  • chronic prostatitis
  • urethritis,
  • cystitis,
  • inflammation of the testicles and appendages
  • pyelonephritis,
  • malfunctioning of the bladder,
  • deterioration of erection (up to its complete loss),
  • Reiter’s syndrome
  • infertility.

Hostile microorganisms, multiplying, occupy new territories in the body and cause such diseases:

  • pneumonia,
  • conjunctivitis
  • arthritis,
  • joint damage
  • skin lesion
  • heart muscle dysfunction.

In order to avoid the described complications, the patient is obliged to take the prescribed medications and follow the regimen prescribed by the doctor.

Prevention

The risk group includes primarily men who have an active sex life with frequent changes in partners. Therefore, the most effective prevention is a long-term relationship with the same partner. When having sex with new partners, the use of condoms is mandatory, which greatly reduces the risk of infection.

Sex with an infected person is prohibited until it is completely cured. and conducting control tests with a negative result.

After unprotected sexual contact, a number of measures must be taken to prevent infection., which include a single dose of azithromycin in a dose of 1 g, washing the genitals and rectum with antiseptic agents such as Gibitan and Miramistin.

It is recommended to be tested for chlamydia 20-25 days after unprotected intercourse for early diagnosis of the disease.

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And in the next video, the urologist andrologist talks about chlamydia in men, about its symptoms and not only:

Conclusion

Chlamydia does not occur for a long time. Mild symptoms (or their complete absence) mislead the man and dull his vigilance. Meanwhile, microorganisms fill the genitourinary system, destroying it and causing terrible consequences. To protect yourself from chlamydia, you must follow all preventive measures. And at the slightest suspicion of a disease, you must definitely go to the hospital.

Watch the video: 2018 Demystifying Medicine: Sexually Transmitted Diseases: situation getting worseand also better (February 2020).

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