Genital herpes in men
Herpes is a disease that occurs by infecting a person with a virus and manifests itself in the form of localized rashes (vesicles with fluid) on the skin and mucous membranes.
In the CIS, this problem is one of the most common sexually transmitted viral diseases. In total, a person can become infected. 8 types herpes. The most common cause of the disease are two related species, namely - HSV-1he’s a herpes simplex virus of the first type and HSV-2It’s the second type of herpes simplex virus.
About 90% of CIS citizens sooner or later acquire HSV-1, accompanied by the appearance of the so-called "cold" on the lips. Genital herpes (also known as HSV-2) is more common in women than in men.
Other types of herpes:
- Herpes zoster (type 3).
- Epstein-Barr virus (type 4).
- Type 5 human herpes virus (cytomegalovirus).
- Human Herpes Virus 6, 7, 8 types.
In turn, the types of virus have different types.
How is the herpes virus transmitted?
It is usually transmitted by contact with affected areas of the skin or mucous membrane and secretions from the genitals, anus, or oral cavity of the wearer.
- Unprotected intercourse (oral, anal, vaginal).
Wet areas of the mouth, eyes, throat, vulva, anus and vagina are more likely to become infected.
It can be transmitted both from partner to partner, and from one part of a person’s body to another. If one of the partners suffers a cold on the lips, then he or she can transmit this virus during oral sex, which will cause genital herpes. The virus spreads most quickly if there are open ulcers, but you can get infected from a person whose ulcers have just begun to form, or even from a person without any external symptoms.
Herpes is almost impossible to transmit through:
- Toilet seats
- Pool water
- Bath, sauna
- By wet towels.
- Standard transmission method herpes virus type 1 - This is touch and kisses, but it can also be transmitted sexually. HSV-1 often causes blisters on the lips, popularly referred to as the common cold. It can also cause sores around teeth and gums.
- Herpes virus type 2 almost always transmitted exclusively through sexual contact and is the cause of genital herpes with painful ulcers around the cervix, vulva, penis and anus.
Symptoms of herpes in men
As a rule, genital herpes is caused by HSV-1 transmitted through oral sex, or HSV-2 transmitted through direct contact of the genitals without a condom. The virus may not cause any symptoms, the carrier may not know that it is infected until it is passed on to another, or until the disease makes itself felt.
The first outbreak of symptoms is usually the most painful and occurs 2-20 days after infection. Ulcers usually disappear within 2-3 weeks.
If the infection occurs for the first time, then it is called "primary herpes."
The disease is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Tingling and itching in the groin,
- Painful small red formations that turn into sores in a period of one to three days. On the scrotum, penis, buttocks or anus.
Other symptoms include:
- Burning or other painful sensations at the moment when urine touches the blisters, inability to urinate,
- Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, groin, and under the armpits (they can remain in this form for up to one and a half months),
- Muscle pain,
- A flu-like illness.
In most cases, symptoms disappear after 2-3 weeks, or faster if you use medication. The sores are covered with a crust, which then subsides and heals without leaving scars.
This can lead to the appearance of new ulcers both after a few days and years after the last outbreak. Usually the symptoms are most painful with primary herpes, and are alleviated with subsequent manifestations, but this does not mean that the manifestation of the disease should be ignored.
Methods for the diagnosis of herpes in men
A venereologist (with genital herpes in men) or a dermatologist who does not rash other parts of the body, who should examine the sores during the medical examination, and prescribe an analysis are involved in the diagnosis.
There are also special blood tests to help you understand what type of virus you have encountered, or to help determine if your sexual partner is an infected carrier.
- Bakposev - fluid is taken from the vesicles on the patient’s body, and the interaction of the virus with the cell medium is observed in the laboratory.
- Polymer chain reaction(PCR) - This type of laboratory analysis involves the detection of DNA fragments of the virus.
- Enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) - a method that allows in the laboratory to identify active antibodies that are caused by the virus.
Remember: Only a professional doctor can make an accurate diagnosis, do not do the diagnosis itself.
Methods of treating herpes in men
Traditional medicine practices 2 methods of treating herpes:
- Antiviral therapy
- Immunostimulating therapy
Usually, the doctor prescribes these two types of treatment in a complex, since the human immune system should also be used to suppress viral activity in the body.
I will give only the names of drugs prescribed by doctors, but this does not mean that you need to buy them. Taking medication can only be prescribed by your doctor.
Herpes Suppression Pills:
To normalize the skin, gels and ointments for topical administration are prescribed:
Foci of skin lesions should be treated at the earliest stages with antiviral drugs to stop ulcers. All recommendations regarding treatment are given only by your doctor..
Only a short list of medications prescribed by a doctor is given, the range of drugs is much wider and which one is prescribed for you depends on the type of virus and the complexity of the situation.
Remember: In the early stages of diagnosis, the disease is much easier and faster to treat. Do not put off seeking medical help until later.
Most often, simple dietary recommendations and the exclusion of a number of products from the diet are prescribed:
- Flour products
- Fast food,
- Semi-finished products, canned food,
- Alcoholic drinks
Include these foods in your diet:
- Fresh vegetables and fruits,
- Fruit compotes and jelly without sugar.
If the patient’s body is weakened and cannot independently prevent the fight against the virus, then in addition to the diet, the doctor can prescribe immunomodulators that maximize the protective functions of the immune system:
- Cycloferon and others.
Can herpes be completely cured?
Not. Herpes cannot be completely cured, although symptoms can be relieved.For example, a sunblock cream applied to the borders of the lips and wearing a headdress can reduce the chance of a cold on the lips caused by prolonged exposure to the sun. The oral medications prescribed by the doctor will help get rid of the symptoms and prevent repeated rashes in the genital area.
How can the symptoms of genital herpes be relieved?
Consult a doctor who should prescribe special medicines so that the sores heal faster. If you encounter frequent rashes of herpes, your doctor may also recommend medications that reduce the frequency of the virus, or help in the early stages, when there is a slight tingling and other symptoms.
To reduce pain and discomfort when ulcers appear, I advise you to do the following:
- Keep sores clean and dry
- Do not touch them. If you need it, before doing so, wash your hands with soap,
- Wear loose cotton underwear and garments so that ulcers do not rub on the material,
- Take baths at room temperature,
- Apply cold compresses (as an option, ice packs) to sores for several minutes 3-4 times a day,
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Spend enough time relaxing
- If urination causes pain, you can do it sitting backwards in the toilet so that urine does not hurt the sores, or do it in the bathroom with warm water or in the shower,
- Do not forget to wash your hands after touching the penis - this will reduce the risk of the virus spreading to your fingers or face,
- Refrain from touching your eyes with your fingers, never wipe contact lenses with saliva,
- Do not touch contact lenses with dirty hands.
How do herpes outbreaks occur?
Half of those infected after the first outbreak no longer experience it throughout their lives. In particular, this applies to media HSV-1. Some men face a couple of outbreaks of the virus in their entire lives, some a couple of dozens.
Someone experiences several outbreaks in a row, and then there is a lull for several months or years. Men with diseases that weaken the immune system, such as leukemia or HIV, and the symptoms in these men are more painful and last longer.
Therefore, the frequency of exacerbations of the virus depends on many factors, including the state of the immune system, other infections, physical or emotional stress, fever, surgery, sexual intercourse, skin irritation (sunburn or sun exposure), injuries, alcohol, and may differ from the above examples, so how each case is individual.
Methods of prevention against herpes for men
- First of all, adhere to a healthy diet and lead a physically active lifestyle without alcohol, tobacco, drugs or other chemicals that can weaken the protective functions of the body. Read material about the harm of alcoholic beverages.
- Using condoms reduces the chances of getting a cold sore, but the chance of infection doesn’t exclude it, since a condom does not cover ulcers on the body. Touching an ulcer can help infect other parts of your body or your partner,
- Talk with your doctor about how often routine examinations are needed.
- Avoid dubious sexual relations at all costs, this can protect you not only from herpes, but also from other unpleasant sexually transmitted diseases.
I hope the article will be useful to all readers, I tried to reveal the most important points of the topic, but if you have questions, write them in the comments. 👇🏻
Is herpes of the lips transmitted to a member of a man?
Yes, this is possible. With oral-genital contacts, with auto-infection or secondarily with asexual infection through the mucous membrane of the oral cavity with hematogenous spread of the virus.The condition for transmission is the presence of a history of lips or cold sores in your partner or herpes.
HSV enters the body through the mucous membranes or damaged areas of the skin (gate of infection), then it multiplies. Most often, this is the glans penis or anus. Further, regardless of the symptoms of genital herpes in men, the virus invades the sensitive and autonomic nerve endings and then into the body of the neuron, the ganglion, and continues to replicate there. Then it spreads to the skin along the peripheral sensory nerves, which explains the fact of the involvement of new surfaces located at a distance from the site of primary localization of the vesicles.
Younger boys may be infected by contact, for example, from parents through infected hands or personal hygiene items.
In addition, the virus can be transmitted from seropositive donors after transfusion of blood and its components (blood transfusion path), after transplantation of organs and tissues (transplant path), as well as from a sick mother to the fetus during pregnancy.
The incidence of genital herpes in men correlates with:
- age (the age of the maximum sexual activity of people accounts for the maximum cases of GH),
- race (in persons belonging to the black race, GG is recorded more often),
- sexual activity,
- sexual orientation
- the presence of a history of sexually transmitted infections,
- socio-economic status.
Genital herpes in men symptoms
Genital herpes in men is clinically manifested in the form of painful vesicles (less often ulcers) in the infected area. Bubbles after the initial infection may periodically reoccur. The place of their appearance is called "Locus minoris". This sign of genital herpes in men is typical not only of this form, but also of GI in general.
How is genital herpes manifested in men?
Less commonly, the head and body of the penis, the skin of the scrotum, perineum, perianal region, buttocks and inner thighs are affected. Genital herpes of the penis can be accompanied by rashes near the anus, ampoule of the rectum, on the buttocks, inner thighs (more often in homosexuals with anogenital contact). In addition to herpes on the penis, a number of patients have lesions of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles.
What does genital herpes look like in men
Exacerbation of Genital Herpes in men, it occurs against the background of a decrease in the activity of the immune system under the influence of various provoking factors.
The state of immunity determines the likelihood of development and severity of the course of the disease, the frequency of subsequent relapses of GH. Genital herpes is the cause of its relapse due to a decrease in immunity.
Provokers of recurrence of genital herpes:
- Active sex life, with frequent changes in sexual partners,
- Severe hypothermia, overheating,
- Neuro-emotional stress,
- Injuries, medical and cosmetic procedures (surgical operations, tattooing, piercing, etc.),
- Somatic, psychosomatic, endocrine, oncological, infectious diseases,
- Hormonal changes,
- Immunity reduction - immunodeficiency,
- Poor nutrition (strict diet),
- Long-term use of drugs hormones, chemotherapy, cytostatics)
Recurrent genital herpes in men is associated with a risk of:
- Sexual partner infections
- Infections of other areas (eyes, fingers, mucous membranes,)
- Long-term symptoms (up to several months) in people with reduced immunity,
- The appearance of a lesion of a large area or several foci,
- The development of herpetic urethritis, prostatitis,
- Joining a secondary infection of a bacterial nature,
- Acute urinary retention (due to neuropathy or dysuria),
- HIV infection
- Rectal fissure development,
- Infertility development.
Herpes of the genital organs of men should be treated as thoroughly as possible to prevent the development of these complications.
Genital Herpes Sex
- During the active stage of the disease, you should refrain from sexual intercourse.
- It should be remembered that the means of barrier contraception, emergency prevention can not protect 100% from infection.
- If you have genital herpes, you should warn your sexual partner.
Genital herpes in men. Diagnostics.
If genital herpes is suspected in men, the diagnosis of the disease is carried out by collecting an anamnesis, clinical examination, additional examination methods and is aimed at determining the severity of the condition and treatment plan.
Herpes in the intimate zone in men is symptomatically typical flowing - the doctor does not cause doubts.
To detect the virus itself, high-precision PCR diagnostics are most often used, which is the "gold standard" for diagnosing HSV, because reveals the DNA of the virus. They may also use electron microscopy.
Differential diagnosis of herpes intimate places in men is carried out: with primary syphilis (with a hard chancre), with a soft chancre, inguinal granuloma, herpes zoster, with fixed toxemia as a result of taking medications (sulfonamide drugs, analgesics, sleeping pills), often localized on the head) of the penis, on the labia in the form of a focus of hyperemia with edema, less often - with single blisters that, when opened, mimic herpes, with contact dermatitis, with kindness, Keir erythroplasia, with strep tococcal impetigo, chanciform pyoderma, etc.
For serological diagnostics, reactions detecting antibodies, immunoglobulins, Ig are used. Ig G is a class of antibodies that provide a person with a long-term immunity to infections. Ig M - a class of antibodies responsible for the severity of the process.
Decoding of the analysis result:
- There is no IgM, IgG is below normal: it means that the body has not met with HSV.
- There is no IgM, IgG is higher than normal: the body has already transferred the virus, but it is not known in what form it is now.
- IgM is higher than normal or “detected”: a primary infection of HSV or a relapse from a latent state has occurred.
With positive IgM in a man, his partner can’t categorically plan a pregnancy.
Herpes in men on the penis (herpes on the head of the penis) does not pass, what should I do?
It is recommended to consult a doctor (infectious disease specialist, dermatologist-venereologist) for advice, to study the intensity of antiherpetic immunity, the state of immune and interferon status, and sensitivity to antiviral drugs. The cause of secondary immunodeficiency, STIs and HIV infection must be excluded. If there is evidence, undergo a second course of anti-relapse treatment, taking into account the identified changes.
How to cure genital herpes in men?
It must be emphasized that it is necessary to treat genital herpes in men only after consulting a doctor.
It should also be noted that at present there are no preparations for herpes that can remove the virus from the human body and lead to a complete cure. Therefore, treatment is aimed at suppressing the virus in the body and, most importantly, at restoring immunity.
Symptoms of genital herpes in men
The main manifestations of genital herpes in men are local inflammation in the genital area, severe itching and characteristic rashes.
Itching caused by herpes is felt on the skin of the male genital organ, as well as in the foreskin and head. In addition, the perineum and scrotum skin may be involved in the infectious process. Genital itching is usually the first manifestation of the disease. Then the symptoms continue to develop. Some time after the occurrence of itching, redness appears in the affected area, and subepithelial vesicles form.Most often, these local signs of inflammation are located in the perineum, scrotum and penis.
Since the mucous membrane of the urethra is also involved in the inflammatory process during herpes, a man is worried about a severe burning sensation during urination. Burning can also occur on the skin of the genital organs if urine gets there.
Several days pass, and the bubbles formed as a result of inflammation begin to burst. A thin crust forms at the site of the bursting vesicles, and under it the epithelium is gradually restored.
Typical localization of genital herpes in men:
At the anus
· In the area of the hips and buttocks,
· In the scrotum and penis.
What is dangerous?
Where does this disease go?
This ailment is dangerous, first of all, with its complications. At some points, the disease can spread throughout the body, causing disturbances in the functioning of the prostate gland. In particular, the genital herpes virus can provoke prostate cancer.
Serious complications to the nervous system are also possible. Complications of the central nervous system are manifested in the form of meningitis, encephalitis. On the visual system, it can give a complication in the form of conjunctivitis or keratitis. In general, with weakened immunity, the pathogen can affect almost all organs, causing complications in the digestive, nervous, cardiovascular, urinary, excretory, respiratory and visual systems.
However, such serious complications can only be in 1% of cases.
Photos of herpes in men in the intimate zone:
2. The ease of infection.
Currently, it is known that up to ninety percent of the population is affected by the virus, while only 20% of them are visible. The virus seems to be "hiding" in the nerve nodes of an infected person, manifesting itself only in conditions when the immunity is reduced.
In the active phase, the patient becomes contagious, and the pathogen can be transmitted in many ways - through blood transfusion, sexually, from mother to child during gestation and childbirth, and some types even by airborne droplets.
Once an ill person will never get rid of the causative agents of this disease. Hepatitis B virus is continuously present in nerve tissues, waiting for favorable conditions for its reproduction. And then he again goes into the acute phase.
The spread of herpes infection from person to person usually occurs by contact. Infection can occur after using a common towel, bedding or underwear. But the most common way to get genital herpes is through sexual contact. And dangerous in this regard is not only genital, but also oral, anal sex.
The possibility of the spread of herpetic infection by airborne droplets is not confirmed by modern medical studies.
Ways of transmission of genital herpes.
1. With a blood transfusion.
Despite the fact that the risk of infection is close to 100% during a blood transfusion from a herpes patient, this transmission route is not leading, due to the relatively rare procedure and rather careful selection of donors.
This is the most common genital herpes infection. Infection occurs with any type of sex with an infected partner (genital, oral, anal, petting), and the use of a condom helps protect against transmission only in 70-80% of cases. Some researchers do not exclude the possibility of infection from a partner who is in a state where there are no visible symptoms of infection.
The genital herpes virus can be transmitted through general hygiene items (towels, etc.), through bedding and during any tactile contact (handshake, hugs).Despite the fact that the primary route of transmission of this infection is through sexual contact, this type of contact with an infected person is also unsafe.
4. From mother to child.
For example, if a pregnant woman suffers from an active form, the risk of transmission through the placenta is up to 80%. Also, the child can become infected from the mother during childbirth, in the example if the vaginal mucosa is affected by ulcers (vesicles). The third way of infection from mother to child is the care of the infected mother for her children, feeding, etc.
In general, you can get infected from a sick person in different ways. At the same time, it is not necessary for him to have any visual signs, because many men and women with strong immunity suffer genital herpes almost asymptomatically, noting only a slight malaise, fever, which can be attributed to the onset of a cold.
Since the virus primarily affects people who have an active sex life, men aged 18 to 40 are most susceptible to it.
Drug treatment comes down to 3 stages:
- suppressing an outbreak or relapse with antiviral (chemo) drugs, interferons,
- restoration of the body's defenses - immunity with the help of restorative agents, probiotics, vitamins, interferons,
- vaccination with the antiherpetic vaccine Vitagerpavak.
The mechanism of development of genital herpes in men
After the infection has occurred, the viral particles are in the trunks of the nerves that innervate the area in which herpes has invaded. The virus enters the body of the nerve cell and there it is embedded in the human genetic apparatus.
When the immunity of an infected person is weakened, conditions arise that favor the development of the inflammatory process. Under the action of the activated DNA of the virus in the affected nerve cell, many daughter viral particles are synthesized. Through the circulatory system, these particles are carried throughout the body, cause inflammation and enter the environment from bursting bubbles. During this period, the patient can become a source of herpes infection for other people.
Many men are interested in the question: how high is the risk of getting genital herpes? Herpes virus infection is very high - the vast majority of people (up to 90%) are carriers of it. So, to avoid the virus is very difficult. However, it is necessary to clearly distinguish between the concepts of herpes infection and the active infectious process.
1. The initial phase.
The latent period (when there are no signs of the disease, but the virus has already penetrated the body and began to multiply) is about a month. The first symptoms of cold sores in men are similar to colds. A person feels a slight malaise, weakness, feels overwhelmed. Subfebrile temperature is often observed (a couple of days increased to 37-38 degrees).
Then these symptoms disappear, and the disease continues to develop, capturing more and more new areas.
2. The active phase.
With damage to the urethral mucosa, there may be a burning sensation and other pain. Further, in the inguinal region, pulling pains, itching can begin. In some cases, there is an increase in the size of the inguinal lymph nodes.
3. The final stage.
Redness occurs on the genitals, and in a number of moments and in adjacent areas, then characteristic vesicles appear, initially filled with a liquid that rapidly becomes cloudy, becoming whitish. Bubbles can be numerous, but can merge into large ones, forming small foci.
Within 2-3 days, the vesicles open, forming small weeping ulcers on the surface of the skin. Ulcers slowly dry over time, crusting.
In the case of normal immunity, the ulcers finally dissolve within 2-3 weeks, leaving no trace on the skin.However, during the healing process, the affected areas of the skin itch and itch. Herpes in men on the head is especially painful.
In rare instances (1% or less), it gives severe complications to the central nervous system and other organs. In this example, severe headaches, discomfort in the muscles, tendons and joints, significant weakness and other symptoms are observed. This indicates a serious pathological process in the brain and other organs, immediate medical attention is necessary.
How to treat genital herpes in men?
Effective antiviral chemotherapy drugs for herpes are drugs such as acyclovir, as well as its more effective second-generation derivatives: valacyclovir, valtrex, famciclovir, penciclovir. These drugs have a comparable mechanism of action and clinical effectiveness, help to quickly and effectively reduce the severity of symptoms, subjective sensations, and the duration of relapse, but they cannot cure the infection (completely remove the virus from the body).
Acyclovir and its analogues act only on the active herpes virus, but do not affect latent viruses. A common disadvantage of acyclovir-containing drugs is the inability to prevent relapse of the disease and infection by a related type of virus and a negative effect on the state of immunity. Further suppression of immunity leads to the appearance of resistant virus strains.
Antiviral chemotherapy drugs are used episodically in a short course (5-10 days) for primary herpes or for relapses of herpes.
With herpes, it is possible to use antiviral agents locally. This helps to lead to a significant reduction in the appearance and regression of rashes due to the high bioavailability of the active substances at the lesion site. Acyclovir (ointment, cream) and the new drug Penciclovir (1% cream Fenistil® Pencivir) have proven themselves well. The effectiveness of Fenistil® Pencivir is 20-30% higher than acyclovir-based cream. Cream Fenistil® Pencivir can be used in patients older than 12 years. In the presence of resistance to acyclovir-containing drugs, antiviral drugs with a different mechanism of action are used (foscarnet, isoprinosine, panavir, aloferon, etc.).
The presence of side effects from the use of chemotherapy drugs contributed to the introduction of modern, effective and harmless drugs - interferon drugs in the treatment of herpes. The ability of interferons to suppress the reproduction of the virus in the human body is explained by the need for their appointment (hyaferon, viferon, geneferon, etc.). The effectiveness of Hyaferon is 30% higher than the effectiveness of other drugs in this group, because also contains hyaluronic acid - an independent immunomodulator. Their use as antiviral agents and immunomodulators, breaking off relapses of the disease and adjusting immunity, allows them to be effectively used also in the treatment of pregnant women and nursing mothers, and to prevent intrauterine infection of the fetus.
Diagnosis of genital herpes in men
The external manifestations of herpes infection are so characteristic that laboratory confirmation in many cases is not even required. But we must not forget that there are hidden forms of the development of the disease. In addition, untreated infection can lead to serious complications.
It must be remembered that laboratory tests alone do not always help to compile a complete picture of the disease. So, it is often not possible to find out how active the process is, when the infection occurred, and whether the therapy was effective. Diagnostic difficulties are associated with the widespread prevalence of the virus and the presence of G - IgG antibodies, which are often synthesized before laboratory detection is possible.
Therefore, the assessment of the situation must be approached comprehensively, taking into account such factors:
· Probable causes that led to exacerbation of genital herpes,
· Features of the immunity of men
Manifestations of herpes in the past,
· The results of serological studies (antibodies to the virus) and PCR diagnostics.
The probability of activation of the process after infection with herpes depends on the state in which the human immune system is currently located. Many people are infected with the virus, but have absolutely no symptoms. Unaware of the presence of the pathogen in their body, they become a source of infection for others. And unpleasant symptoms associated with an exacerbation of the disease appear only when the body's defenses are weakened.
The development of genital herpes
After infection, virus particles are located in the trunks of nerves innervating the virus-affected area. Viruses invade nerve cells and integrate into the male genetic apparatus. With weakened immunity, favorable conditions are created for the development of inflammation. The viral DNA activated in the affected cell provokes the synthesis of daughter particles of the virus, which are carried through the blood through the body, causing inflammation and falling from bursting papules into the environment. During this period, an infected man becomes a peddler of the disease for those around him.
More than 80% of people are carriers of the virus and infection with this virus is not always possible to avoid. However, the concept should not be confused - herpes infection and the activity of an infectious genital process.
How to quickly cure genital herpes in men?
If treatment with interferons and chemo drugs in tablet form or for external use (ointment) is started at the first signs of the disease - during the precursors of relapse (itching, burning) or in the first 2-3 days of relapse, then the symptoms of herpes will be mild or may not appear completely.
Is there any need to talk about the importance of treatment aimed at strengthening the defenses and preventing the recurrence of genital herpes?
In cases of moderate to severe forms of the disease (relapse 1 time in 3 months or more), to increase the effectiveness of treatment, along with antiviral drugs, immunocorrecting drugs include immunomodulators, interferons, vitamins, restorative agents, immunoglobulins and probiotics. It should be noted that immunotherapy leads to deep remission, i.e. to restore immunity, it reduces the duration of treatment, reduces the toxic effect of chemotherapy drugs on the body, prevents the formation of resistance to them and leads to deep remission, i.e. to restore immunity.
To increase the effectiveness of the treatment of herpesvirus infection, a group of virologist and infectious disease scientists, headed by MD V.A. Isakov * developed a phased, comprehensive methodology for the treatment and prevention of disease recurrence using the drugs described above:
- 1st stage of treatment - relief of the acute period of the disease (chemotherapy, interferons),
- 2 stage - general strengthening therapy, immunocorrection,
- 3 stage - specific immunoprophylaxis - vaccination with Vitherpavak antiherpetic vaccine,
- 4th stage - dispensary observation.
Chemotherapy and interferons only suppress the virus in its active stage, and the vaccine treats, normalizing the immune defense, therefore it belongs to the group of therapeutic vaccines.
It should be noted that special attention was paid to the restoration of the immunological reactivity of the body with the help of medication and anti-relapse treatment using fortifying agents, vitamins, interferons, probiotics, immunoglabulins. Immunoprophylaxis at the final stage of treatment with Vitagerpavak antiherpetic vaccine allows you to restore specific antiviral immunity, i.e.achieve suppression of the virus and normalization of immunity, leading to long-term (long-term) remissions. This technique was called in the West the “Russian treatment method”.
Causes of genital herpes in men
The main factors that negatively affect the state of immunity are:
· Stressful situations. The psychoemotional state can greatly affect the functions of the human immune system, reducing its ability to withstand ailments.
· Strong mental stress - human immunity is closely related to the activity of the central nervous system.
· Physical overstrain. As a result of severe physical overwork, the activity of the immune system is suppressed, and it becomes difficult for the body to fight infection pathogens.
· Lack of vitamins. Vitamins play a huge role in the implementation of the immune response. Vitamins with antioxidant properties — A, C, E — are especially important for immunity. When they are deficient, immunity is significantly weakened.
Defective diet. First of all, we are talking about a lack of protein, which supplies the body with all the amino acids it needs and is involved in the formation of humoral immunity.
· Wrong daily routine. Due to non-compliance with the regime of work and rest, the adaptive capabilities of the body are reduced, and it is difficult for him to adapt to constantly changing conditions.
· Reception of medical devicesthat reduce immunity. These include cytostatics, steroid drugs.
· HIV infection, AIDS. Due to the decrease in the number of immune cells, the body loses its ability to effectively fight infections.
Each of these factors can provoke activation of the herpes virus in the body of a man.
Classification of genital herpes
The disease is divided into two types: primary genital herpes and recurrent. In some cases, asymptomatic genital herpes simplex is observed.
Primary - manifests itself in young men after the onset of sexual life. The disease is characterized by a large lesion area, capturing each cover of the trunk of the penis, scrotum, head and foreskin. Sometimes rashes are observed on the buttocks and inner thighs.
The clinical manifestation is severe edema and hyperemia of the genital organs. The number of grouped bubbles increases. Opened vesicles form extensive and weeping erosions of a rounded shape. Over time, erosion merges with each other and transforms into shallow, but painful sores. The surface heals in 2-3 weeks, but a whitish spot may remain at the site of the rash.
The primary stage is characterized by the following symptoms: high fever, headache, general malaise, sciatic nerve neuralgia. Manifestations increase in the period from 4-5 days from the time of the rash and subside during their regression. Also, patients may be disturbed by dysuria, itching and burning, purulent discharge from the urethra. Inguinal nodes enlarge two weeks after the lesion and pain sensations intensify.
In the form of a complication, the dissemination of infection in the man’s body and the development of meningitis against the background of herpes occur. To date, about 100 types of disease viruses have been studied, of which eight pathogen viruses have been isolated from the human body.
Herpes simplex virus type 1 - affects the mucous membrane of the mouth, eyes of the skin of the face, upper body.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 - affects the mucous membrane of the penis, the skin of the buttocks, lower extremities.
The herpes simplex virus type 3 causes the following pathologies: chickenpox and herpes zoster, in rare cases it affects the genitals.
Cases of infection are steadily increasing. Scientists have proven that more than 80% of the population is infected with the herpes simplex virus and ¼ people infected with the virus suffer from a relapsing stage.More than 25% of adult men suffer from pathology and the cause of the disease is early sexual intercourse. Men suffering from chronic diseases of the pelvic organs are carriers of herpes simplex viruses.
The virus affects the pelvic nerve plexuses and the disease is accompanied by pain symptoms. The pain is localized in the pelvis, lumbar perineum and in the rectum. Pain existing for a long period of time reduces the sexual potency of men and libido.
It is important to remember and consider that:
- Herpetic infections are a consequence of impaired immunity.
- In mild forms of the disease (exacerbation not more than 1 time in 3 months), there is a slight immunosuppression. Therefore, vaccination can be carried out immediately, without general strengthening treatment (7-10 days after healing of herpetic eruptions with an interval of 7-10 days, in the amount of 5 injections).
- In moderate to severe forms of the disease (relapse 1 time in 3 months and more often), it is necessary to eliminate severe immunosuppression by prescribing fortifying agents, vitamins, immunomodulators, probiotics, and only then proceed with vaccination (10 days after healing of the rashes with an interval of 10 days) in the amount of 5 injections). It is necessary to conduct 4 courses of vaccination with an interval of 3 months under the cover of Hyaferon (1 suppository 2 times a day rectally - 5 days).
The treatment efficiency is more than 86%, which is confirmed by the results of its use for 12 years and numerous performance studies conducted by diversified leading scientists - clinicians of the Russian Federation.
The Vitagerpavak vaccine is used during the period of remission of the disease. The purpose of vaccination is the activation of cellular immunity, i.e. its immunocorrection.
The use of Vitagerpavak vaccine has several advantages over antiherpetic drugs, as evidenced by studies conducted in leading medical institutions in Russia.
Prof. N.S.Potekaev ** and associate professor M.A.Samgin (Department of Skin and Sexually Transmitted Diseases of the First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M.Sechenov), a study was conducted of the effectiveness of the Vitagerpavak vaccine in 233 patients with recurrent herpes, including cold sores on the lips . The treatment was Vitagerpavak vaccine. It was shown that regular vaccination led to an increase in the period of remission to 1-3 years. In dynamics 5 years after the regular 4-year vaccination, 88 patients were examined: a positive effect was observed in 72% of patients with recurrent herpes, complete cure in 42 patients, and significant improvement in 24 patients.
In another study, a vaccine study was conducted in 3,000 patients with frequently recurring forms of herpes virus. Dynamic monitoring of patients from 3 to 5 years showed that vaccine therapy led to a complete cessation of relapse in 1890 patients (63%), to a decrease in the frequency of relapse in 810 people. (27%). The lack of effect was detected in 240 (8%) patients (MD, professor, head of the department of skin and venereal diseases of the RUDN University, A.L. Tishchenko).
In a study conducted by prof. Barinsky I.F. et al., **** at FSBI Research Institute of Virology named after DI. Ivanovsky »Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, it was shown that in patients with often recurrent herpes, including cold sores on the lips, 6 months after vaccination therapy (Vitagerpavak), a significant improvement (an increase in the relapse period of 3 times) was noted in 19 (31.1%) patients, improvement (a 1.5–2-fold increase in remission) —in 35 patients (57.3%) and only in 7 (11.6%) patients the therapeutic effect was weak or absent. As a result of vaccination, most patients (38 people) discontinued treatment due to the improvement. In 52% (20 patients) of them, the clinical symptoms of recurrent herpes were completely absent.
Prof. Barinsky I.F. et al., *** A comparative study of the effectiveness of the vaccine in a monovariant and in combination with the Giaferon immunostimulator in patients with often recurring herpes, including herpes on the lips, was also conducted. Herpes treatment agents were the Vitagerpavac multivirus vaccine and the Giaferon immunostimulant. Patients of the 1st group (28 people) were prescribed Vitagerpavak multivirus vaccine in combination with an immunostimulant.Patients of the 2nd group (25 people) - only the vaccine. Efficiency was evaluated by reducing the duration and intensity of the clinical manifestations of genital herpes during relapse and by increasing the duration of the relapse interval. With the combined use of the vaccine with Hyaferon, a positive result was noted in more than 96% of cases, while using the same vaccine in 84% of cases. Studies have shown the advantage of the combined method of vaccine therapy and the immunostimulant Giaferon. To prevent relapses of herpes, including herpes on the lips, the proposed combined treatment regimen has allowed.
Treating genital herpes in men
It should be remembered that after infection with herpes, it is impossible to completely rid the body of the presence of the virus. The disease is characterized by a chronic course, when exacerbations are followed by remissions. Moreover, periods of remission can be different in duration. The goal of treatment is to achieve long-term remission and make exacerbations as rare and weak as possible. It is also very important to prevent complications.
To combat exacerbations, the use of antiviral drugs is recommended. The patient is prescribed special medications that can suppress the propagation of the herpetic virus inside the affected cells. Most often with genital herpes, such agents are used:
These funds are available in several forms - ointments, capsules and tablets. Usually, the doctor prescribes a combination of two drugs (ointment for local application to the affected areas and an antiviral agent for oral administration).
Since one of the main reasons for the activation of the herpetic virus is a weakening of the body's defenses, during treatment it is advisable to pay attention to supporting the immune system. However, many doctors believe that immunomodulating agents do not lead to a significant improvement in treatment outcomes. Nevertheless, some medications (interferon, T-activin, thymalin) help the body cope with an exacerbated infection faster and prolong the period of remission.
Ways of infection with genital herpes
The ways and transmission of the virus are diverse and the most common ways of infection in the stronger sex are:
- Sexual - unprotected sexual acts, other intimate interactions (kisses, contact, etc.),
- Household - common dishes, towels, bedding, etc.,
- Vertical - from an infected mother through the placenta to the fetus in case of infection both before pregnancy and during pregnancy,
- Infusion - during blood transfusion, which happens very rarely, since the blood is subjected to a thorough check before transfusion,
- Self-infection - neglect of the rules of intimate hygiene, touching the diseased foci and not treating the hands, the virus spreads to other parts of the body.
The frequency and depth of relapse.
The virus after the initial disease remains in the body, hiding in the nervous tissue for decades in latent form. Relapses occur in the case of a strong decrease in immunity, which can be caused by hypothermia, overheating, severe stress, etc.
That is, it can have relapses both in a few days and in a few years, depending on the state of the body, and may never manifest itself after the initial illness, if the patient's state of health remains stably good.
In case of relapse, skin rashes, vesicles and sores can be observed in approximately the same areas as during the initial infection. Moreover, these manifestations are much faster, and to a much lesser extent accompanied by unpleasant sensations. Skin rashes occur during relapse, usually within a week.
Rarely enough, with relapses of the disease, a general deterioration in the condition, fever, enlarged lymph nodes in the inguinal region, and headache are noted.There may be pain when the bladder is empty.
The herpes virus is in a latent state in the body of the infected person for life, and during periods of exposure to stress factors, it migrates from the nervous tissue, causing repeated illness.
The herpes simplex virus in most cases can be infected during unprotected sexual intercourse. Many men do not even suspect that an infection has occurred, since the body's defenses prevent the development of the disease. The probability of activation of the pathological process depends on the state of human immunity.
Infection can occur not only through sexual contact, but also during the blood transfusion procedure, as well as when using common personal hygiene items with a virus carrier. Often venereal pathology is diagnosed in children. A newborn baby can become infected both in the womb, since pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the placental barrier quite quickly, and during passage through the birth canal.
The main factors that provoke a weakening of the immune system are:
- Frequent stressful situations. Constant overstrain and a negative psycho-emotional state greatly affect the functioning of the human immune system, reduce the ability to withstand various diseases.
- Smoking and alcohol abuse. Bad habits are factors that negatively affect a person’s immune status. They reduce the activity of the brain, circulatory system, protein metabolism and the gastrointestinal tract.
- Lack of sleep. Even a slight reduction in the duration of sleep significantly impairs the body's ability to deal with pathological conditions.
- Deficiency of vitamins and minerals. Vitamins that have antioxidant properties are especially important. With their shortage, the resistance of the human body to infection is reduced.
- Physical overwork. The activity of immunity is inhibited, the body becomes much more difficult to deal with pathogens of infections.
Pathology is often manifested against the background of a viral disease. In men, genital herpes in this case appears as a complication that occurs with a decrease in the activity of the immune system.
The dynamics of clinical indicators in patients with recurrent hypertension during vaccine therapy
|Clinical indicators||Before vaccine therapy||After vaccine therapy|
|Duration of remission||2 months||6 months in 36 (59.0%) patients|
|Relapse rate||5-10 times a year||2-3 times a year|
|Relapse duration||3-8 days||2-3 days|
Of interest are the results of a study using the Vitagerpavak vaccine carried out by prof. A.A. Kasparova et al. (Research Institute of Eye Diseases RAMS), with the participation of patients with ophthalmic herpes, caused by the herpes simplex virus. Of the 114 ophthalmic herpes patients with frequently recurring forms, recurrence of the disease completely stopped in 71 patients (63%), their frequency became significantly less frequent in 32 (27%) and did not change in only 11 people. (10 %). An analysis of the results revealed a 5-fold decrease in the relapse rate and a 3.2-fold decrease in the duration of relapse per patient suffering from herpetic keratitis, keratoiridocyclitis and iridocyclitis. When examining the blood of patients with herpes by PCR and MPA, it was found that the use of an inactivated vaccine was accompanied by the elimination of viremia.
In the above studies, it was also shown that vaccination was accompanied by a 3-4-fold increase in specific reactions of T-cell immunity, against the background of a constant level of B-cell responses of immunity. A study of the reactions of T-cell immunity showed an increase in the specific T-killer activity of lymphocytes and the activity of NK cells.Vaccination contributed to the cessation of viremia both after vaccination and in the long term follow-up (after 6 months). Vaccination using Vitagerpavac led to a pronounced immunocorrective effect, reducing immune disorders from the 3rd and 2nd degrees to the 1st. After 6 months after vaccination, immune disorders corresponded to the 1st degree.
The above results of long-term studies of the Vitagerpavak vaccine indicate the reliable effectiveness of the vaccine in the prevention of relapses of herpes infection.
The pathogen that causes infection with genital herpes is the Herpes viridae virus. There are many genetically close forms in the family, but only 2 of them cause sexual manifestations:
- HSV-1 (20% of cases). In addition to manifestations on the genitals, it causes a rash on the lips, eyes, various pneumonia or organic lesions of the central nervous system.
- HSV-2 (80% of cases). It affects not only the genital organ, but also the sacral zone, the inner surfaces of the thighs, buttocks and pubis.
The greatest probability of infection is observed if both forms of the virus are transmitted from the carrier at once.
According to the systematics of ICD-10 diseases, the following encodings correspond to genital herpes:
- Perianal herpetic infection - A.60.1
- Anogenital herpetic infection - A.60.9
The causative agent is unstable to the external environment, after drying, it loses virulence and quickly dies.
Signs of the development of a sexually transmitted disease depend on the activity of the virus and the duration of infection. The incubation period is from 10 to 20 days, but usually the first symptoms begin to appear as early as 3-7 days from the moment of infection. The pathology that occurs on the skin in the genital area and on the penis, as a rule, begins with non-specific manifestations associated with the active growth and reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.
Primary symptoms of genital herpes in men:
- redness of the mucous membrane and skin on the penis, which is accompanied by severe itching and burning,
- the occurrence of mild swelling on the head and foreskin of the penis,
- pain during intercourse,
- discharge from the urethra,
- digestive upset
- fever, headache,
- enlarged inguinal lymph nodes.
With the progression of the infectious process during an external examination, characteristic symptoms of the development of the disease are revealed. After some time, small red bubbles form at the site of redness, which contain a clear, aqueous liquid. Bubble rashes can cover the entire surface of the genitals, buttocks, as well as the area around the anus. In advanced cases, the rash spreads inside the urethra and rectum, which causes unbearable pain to a person when emptying the intestines and bladder.
After a few days, the liquid begins to cloud, and the vesicles burst. This leads to the formation of painful sores on the mucous membranes. In the absence of qualified treatment at this stage, the pathology can be complicated by the attachment of a bacterial infection and the development of purulent balanoposthitis.
After about a week, the damaged surface of the sores is covered with a layer of epithelium, and the disease goes into remission. During this period of the development of the disease, wearing tight underwear is strongly not recommended. It is forbidden to comb the affected areas of the skin, as these actions will lead to an even greater spread of the virus and inhibition of the healing process. In people with a weakened immune system, scars may remain on the skin, as well as necrotic changes.
Prevention of genital herpes in men
At the moment, not a single drug has been developed that could completely protect a man from possible infection. But you can still reduce the risk of developing an unpleasant disease with the help of some drugs.
The main method of preventing genital herpes in men is legibility in sexual relations. Accidental contacts are best avoided, because they are the main cause of the infectious process in the genitals. Significantly reduced the risk of disease when using condoms. Therefore, you do not need to give up this reliable means of protection, even having a permanent sexual partner.
Another necessary condition for successful prevention is constant support of the immune system. Therefore, a man needs to treat all existing chronic ailments, review his diet, streamline the daily regimen and find time for exercise.
In no case can you ignore the common cold - this commonplace disease can give impetus to the development of herpes infection.
Recently, another preventive method is gaining popularity - vaccination. Today, doctors in many countries recommend anti-herpes vaccine as a reliable way to protect against insidious infection.
Vaccination is carried out in a medical institution according to a special scheme. One course lasts ten days and includes five injections every two days. The breaks between vaccinations are a year or two. At the moment, it is possible to choose from two types of anti-herpes vaccines: foreign and domestic production.
Diagnosis of the disease
With the manifestation of the above symptoms, a man needs to visit a dermatovenerologist. The specialist will conduct a visual assessment of the genital organ, its condition, interview the patient and collect an anamnesis. Next, he will appoint such procedures as:
- Complete blood count - to detect atypical mononuclear cells,
- Urinalysis - determines the stage of damage to the urinary tract and kidneys,
- Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - reveals the presence of genetic material of a pathogenic organism in the blood,
- Smear from the urethra,
- Diagnosis of ELISA - determines the presence of antibodies to herpes viruses,
- Cultural method - allows you to isolate and identify the herpes virus.
Complications of herpes in men.
- damage to the prostate gland is fraught with cancer,
- damage to the central nervous system can cause meningitis, encephalitis,
- herpes virus can affect the eyes in the form of conjunctivitis or keratitis,
- herpes urethritis,
- herpes cystitis
- herpes prostatitis (according to some estimates, up to 30% of prostatitis in general)
- digestive, nervous, cardiovascular, urinary, respiratory systems can also be affected by the virus.
Serious complications occur in less than 1% of situations. In case of complications, symptoms such as general deterioration, weakness, fever, enlarged lymph nodes in the inguinal region, headache, suppuration of the eyes, and others can be observed.
Also, in some cases, a rectal fissure is possible, which is accompanied by pain, blood content in the stool, flatulence.
How to treat genital herpes using the Vitagerpavak vaccine?
The basic scheme of vaccination using the Vitagerpavak vaccine: 0.2 ml of the vaccine is administered intradermally into the flexion surface of the forearm. The vaccination cycle consists of 5 injections, which are carried out at intervals of 7-10 days. For a lasting preventive effect, repeated vaccination courses are necessary. In case of the appearance of herpetic eruptions, the intervals between injections should be increased to 14 days. After 6 months, revaccination is carried out (5 injections). In severe forms of the disease, revaccination is carried out after three months of 4 courses for 1.5 to 2 years.
To increase the effectiveness of treatment and prevention of recurrence of genital herpes in people with weakened immunity, along with drug treatment, it is necessary to pay attention to strengthening the body's defenses. Particular attention should also be paid to the prevention of factors that contribute to a decrease in immunity and exacerbation of herpetic infection.
Types of disease
By the time of the appearance of genital herpes, they are divided into:
- primary (after the first episode of infection),
- recurrent or chronic (repeated cases with the resumption and abatement of symptoms).
Genital herpes differs in the nature of the symptoms:
- Typical form - accompanied by a standard picture of rashes on the mucous membranes in the form of vesicles with liquid.
- Atypical (subclinical) form - Symptoms are present, but they are mild, painful sensations may not be observed.
- Asymptomatic form (carriage) - characterized by a complete absence of signs of the disease. It occurs in 20% of cases. To establish such a form is possible only on the basis of clinical studies.
The disease is differentiated by a group of symptoms:
- erythematous form - edema, inflammation and redness at the site of the lesion come to the fore in the symptoms,
- bullous form - the biggest problem is not rashes, but ulcers that form after rupture of the vesicles,
- hemorrhagic form - complicated by bleeding from the urethra or from the anus,
- itchy form - the rash does not appear, but severe lesions are observed at the site of lesions, sometimes causing the patient to comb the skin before wounds.
Basic drugs and treatment regimens.
When the first signs of genital prostatitis occur, you should consult a doctor. Do not self-medicate, remember that it can cause serious complications!
Despite the fact that it will never be possible to completely remove the prostatitis virus from the body, the correct and timely treatment of herpes in men on the genitals will keep the disease in the latent phase for an unlimited time. Such treatment helps to avoid complications and alleviate the course of both the primary disease and relapses, reducing pain.
For treatment, 4 main antiviral drugs are used:
- Acyclovir. Take 5 tablets per day. On the recommendation of a doctor, in some cases, the dosage is doubled. The medication is administered within five to seven days. With a relapse, the dose taken is reduced, according to the recommendation of the attending physician, to three to four tablets.
- Famciclovir. Used for treatment if the virus has managed to develop resistance to the previous drug. Dosage - 3 tablets per day, the duration of treatment is similar to acyclovir.
- Valacyclovir. Similar in therapeutic effect to famciclovir. Dosage - 2 times a day for 500 milligrams, until complete recovery.
- Panavir. In severe cases, administered intravenously. The dosage is set by the attending physician.
The listed medicines block the process of reproduction in pathogens of the disease, and with the timely start of treatment they reduce the degree of pain.
Dosages of the listed antiviral drugs are adjusted in case of liver disease, kidney disease, in the treatment of elderly and black patients: all of these patients have flow characteristics that are taken into account when writing a prescription.
In addition to tablets, ointments and gels based on antiviral drugs can be used - for example, Zovirax, Panavir, etc. For severe pain, painkillers and sedatives are used.
With the exact follow-up of doctors and compliance with the regimen of taking medications, more than 90% of the disease options are successfully cured. Remember that timely treatment of herpes on the floor of organs in men is the key to future sexual health!
Medication for genital herpes
The main point in solving the problem is to find the right approach to treating the disease and preventing relapse. Doctors recommend the use of complex measures and do not limit therapy only to antiviral drugs. Local treatment eliminates the problems of skin infection, but since the virus is inside the male body, it is also necessary to act on herpes from the inside as well. For this, the following drugs are prescribed:
- Antiherpetic drugs - effectively fight both exacerbations of the disease, and with complications formed against its background.
- Antiviral drugs - interferon and acyclic nucleosides: Acyclovir, Famciclovir. Interferon destroys the active form of the virus in the body, nucleosides disrupt the spread of the herpes virus, eliminate itching, burning, pain, reduce the formation of pustules, and facilitate the healing of ulcers. The drugs are released in the form of tablets, intravenous solutions, creams and ointments for processing.
- Immuno-strengthening agents - increase the body's resistance in men, strengthen protective properties.
- General strengthening herbal preparations: ginseng, echinacea, eleutherococcus. Immunoglobulin solutions reduce the frequency of subsequent relapses.
- Vitamin Therapy.
- Topical preparations for the treatment of rashes: Panivir gel - prevents the spread of infection to healthy skin areas and mucous membranes, Viferon gel and Viferon ointment - quickly stop skin manifestations, Herferferon ointment - to effectively anesthetize and reduce symptoms during exacerbation.
It is completely impossible to get rid of the genital herpes virus, therefore, the main goal of therapeutic therapy is to reduce the acute stage of pathology and prolong remission. In the acute phase of genital infection, it is necessary to exclude sexual contact, since there is a risk of infection of the sexual partner. The virus has the ability to be transmitted independently of contraception.
The result of therapy is the elimination of the symptoms of the disease and its transfer to remission. With recurrent herpes, worsening more often six times a month, preventive therapy by a urologist is required to increase the duration of remission. Comprehensive treatment will not allow the transition of the pathology to the acute stage and will avoid various complications and the recurrence of symptoms.
During drug therapy, a man needs to exclude alcohol, change his diet, do not eat sweet, spicy, pickled, fatty foods. It is also recommended to go on a plant and milk diet and consume maximum fluid.
In addition to the use of drugs, as an additional treatment for genital herpes, the use of alternative medicine, time-tested, is considered equally effective. They help eliminate the manifestations of pathology and strengthen the human immune system.
After the first signs of the disease appear, you can use one of the recipes:
- A large head of fresh garlic is rubbed on a coarse grater, the resulting mass is combined with vodka (0.5 l). The drug is infused in a dark place, periodically shaking the container. After 7 days, the infusion is filtered and lemon mint leaves are added to it, then again left to infuse. After a week, fresh blackcurrant juice (100 ml) is added to the bottle. Take orally for 1 tsp. per day before the first meal. Store the healing tincture in a dark place.
- Lavender or cedar essential oil (3 drops) is diluted in warm water (250 ml). A cotton swab is moistened with a solution and applied to the problem area. Soon, the sores will begin to dry out, and the inflammatory process will disappear.
- Buds of birch (2 tbsp. L.) Pour milk (200 ml) and boil no more than 5-7 minutes. Then the product is cooled, and the birch buds are wrapped in gauze.Such an anti-inflammatory compress is applied to inflamed foci several times a day.
- Dried viburnum berries (20 g) are ground into powder and poured with boiling water (1 tbsp.). Chilled infusion is ready for use after 4 hours. It is taken at least 3 times a day for ½ cup. The course of treatment takes from 7 to 20 days.
- It is possible to treat genital herpes in men with honey. Natural honey (50 g) is mixed with the same amount of crushed celandine. Several times a day, the resulting mixture is applied to the lesions.
- An equal amount of freshly squeezed carrot juice and rosehip oil are thoroughly mixed and applied to painful vesicles 2 times a day. After they burst, and the contents come out, an application of crushed walnut core and white clay is applied to the affected areas. After the composition has dried, it is carefully removed with a dry cloth. Herpetic manifestations should disappear within two days.
Elimination of signs of a pathological condition with the help of recipes of alternative medicine does not give a one hundred percent guarantee, but significantly alleviates the pain syndrome and shortens the period of exacerbation. In the early stages of the development of the disease, such methods will help to avoid the appearance of vesicles and stop the progression of the pathology at the stage of reddening of the skin.
It is important to remember that the treatment of herpetic eruptions will be effective only with an integrated approach. Only a qualified doctor can choose the best methods of treating a disease that are suitable for a particular patient.
Briefly about the Vitagerpavak vaccine:
- The drug is a lyophilisate for the preparation of a solution for intradermal administration
- Contains specific inactivated antigens of the herpes simplex virus type I and II, grown on a transplantable VERO cell line, WHO approved as a substrate for vaccine production
- Patients with CGI are subject to vaccination.
- Preparation of women with a history of relapses of chronic herpetic infection for pregnancy.
- HIV-infected patients in stage 1-2 of the disease.
Treatment of genital herpes with folk remedies
Folk remedies provide all possible assistance in the treatment of genital herpes in men:
- Echinacea leaf - tincture is applied orally for a month after determining the diagnosis.
- Oxolinic ointment - softens burning sensation and removes itching.
- Hydrogen peroxide - treatment of the affected area removes genital herpes.
- Salt baths - 4 tbsp. tablespoons of sea salt are dissolved in 10 liters of warm water and take a bath for 10-15 minutes before bedtime. After the procedure, it is necessary to wet the affected area with a napkin and rub it with a piece of ice.
- Pharmacy chamomile oil - reduces genital itching during rubbing.
- Calendula, motherwort, thyme - infusions are used to treat the genital mucosa.
- Honey and celandine - 50 g of honey and 50 g of celandine are mixed, the mixture is applied to the affected area of the body.
- Collection of antiseptic plants - in equal proportions you need to mix calendula, birch leaf, plantain and mix everything. Then 3 tbsp. collecting pour 0.5 l of boiling water, insist 3 hours, filter and use daily for the treatment of male genitalia. The broth can be added to the bath.
In case of illness, it is necessary to maintain proper hygiene and eat foods such as: garlic, apples, yogurt, fish. You should also give up alcohol, smoking and coffee drinks.
A man should know that infection leads to serious consequences that affect the functions of the reproductive system and cause sexual disorders. Possible complications:
- The development of diseases - cystitis, prostatitis, prostate cancer, infertility, impotence and other pathologies.
- Violation of the nervous system - neurosis, pain in the sacro-lumbar, rectum, lower abdomen, perineum.Inflammatory processes form cracks in the anus.
- Psychological problems - in the chronic form of the disease, men consider themselves to be outcasts, begin to avoid sexual intercourse, fall into a depressed state, and the weaker ones sometimes attempt suicide.
Infections in the groin area are related to sexually transmitted diseases and men carry them heavily not only physically, but also psychologically. The risk of an ailment is increased in men involved in contact sports: wrestling, Thai boxing and judo. In this way, you can catch wrestling herpes. This type of infection manifests itself in an abundant rash on the neck, head, provokes inflammation of the throat and increased athlete's body temperature.
Herpes vaccination is carried out in facilities under the supervision of a physician
- The vaccine is administered in remission 7-10 days after the disappearance of clinical manifestations
- The vaccination course consists of 5 injections with an interval of 7-10 days
- Revaccination - after 6 months
- With complicated herpes, the 2nd and subsequent injections are administered with an interval of 10-14 days - 5 injections. Such patients are recommended to conduct 4 courses of vaccination within 1.5 - 2 years.
Detailed information on the Vitagerpavak vaccine and its use can be obtained from the Methodological recommendations MZ3.3.1.0002-10 “Immunization with the Vitagerpavak vaccine (herpetic culture inactivated dry) for the prevention of relapse of infection caused by herpes simplex viruses type 1 and 2”, approved by the Head of the Federal surveillance services in the field of consumer protection and human well-being, Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation G. Onishchenko **** These recommendations entered into force in 2010.
* The author of the material is Alimbarova L.M. Associate Professor, Ph.D.
Preventive measures against infection with genital infection:
- Exclude promiscuous sexual intercourse,
- Use contraceptives - condoms will reduce the risk of sexual infection, but will not completely exclude it, since the infection spreads and affects the skin on the hips, buttocks and groin,
- Groin treatment - it is recommended to treat the groin with antiseptic solutions after sexual contact.
If infection with the virus did occur, then you should immediately contact a dermatovenerologist. You should also include sports in your usual lifestyle, eliminate bad habits and introduce proper nutrition. These actions will help strengthen immunity and will prevent the development of relapse.
In men, the frequency and depth of relapse is much less than in women. Male immunity is always stable and even, therefore, genital herpes is manifested with quite serious pathologies, emergencies, and with an insufficient amount of vitamins in the body of a man.
One of the main factors in reducing immunity is severe stress, for the same reason, the strength of the manifestations of a viral infection is especially high. With a decrease in immunity, the infection can affect a large number of male organs and cause a lot of damage. Therefore, in the early stages of relapse, the disease must be unmistakably diagnosed and complex treatment initiated in a timely manner.
Possible consequences and complications
Genital herpes does not often cause complications. Most often, the human immune system is able to cope with the activity of a pathogenic agent.
For medical help should be consulted if during the genital herpes there are such signs of complications:
- high intensity headaches
- signs of food poisoning (nausea, vomiting),
- severe pain in the back of the head
- temperature increase up to 39 ° С and higher,
- loss of consciousness
- convulsive syndrome
- change or loss of smell and sensitivity to tastes,
- limb weakness on one side of the body,
- joint pain.
In men, a herpetic infection can cause such complications:
- prostate cancer
- creeping phlegmon,
One of the consequences is a malfunction of the nervous system with the appearance of a neurotic syndrome, pain along the nerve cords from the spinal column to the pelvic region.
Sometimes the virus is able to infect other organs, spread to the eyes, significantly reducing vision, or appear on the fingers, localizing in the nail bed and destroying its base.
In the most severe cases, the disease affects the liver, joint joints, lungs and changes the properties of blood.
In addition, the disease can cause serious psychological problems associated with sexual dysfunction and forced abstinence. The virus can also infect sperm, making them unable to fertilize and cause infertility.
We protect ourselves from infection and relapse.
In the example of violation of these simple rules, there is a danger of spread of infection to other parts of the mucosa and skin (including eyes, lips, oropharynx).
It should be remembered that genital herpes is contagious not only during the period of the initial disease, but also in periods of relapse. Follow safety rules, do not infect loved ones!
To prevent relapse, it is extremely important to maintain a high level of immunity. To do this, give the body regular physical activity, observe the regime of the day and rest. Nutrition should be balanced, contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals. Avoid both overheating and hypothermia.
Useful hardening, active sports and other methods that enhance health. And perhaps the most important thing is to avoid excessive stress. Indeed, in our difficult time, stress is one of the most important factors determining the state of health.
Thus, this is a common and quite dangerous disease, which must be approached with all seriousness. Timely heal, engage in maintaining health, and enjoy a full sexual life!
- Are you tormented by itching and burning in places of rashes?
- The sight of blisters does not add to your self-confidence ...
- And somehow ashamed, especially if you suffer from genital herpes ...
- And ointments and medicines recommended by doctors for some reason are not effective in your case ...
- Moreover, constant relapses have already firmly entered your life ...
- And now you are ready to use any opportunity that will help you get rid of herpes!